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My Family




Lesson 1

 

Grammar: глаголы to be, to have в настоящем, прошедшем, будущем времени, личные, притяжательные и указательные местоимения, множественное число существительных, притяжательный падеж существительных, оборот there is/are, простое настоящее и настоящее продолженное время (Present Indefinite Tense, Present Continuous Tense)

 

Словарный минимум

Существительные:

wife жена
husband муж
house-wife домохозяйка
son (grandson) сын (внук)
daughter (granddaughter) дочь (внучка)
grandmother, grandfather бабушка, дедушка
cousin двоюродный брат, сестра (кузен, кузина)
aunt тётя
uncle дядя
brother брат
sister сестра
nephew племянник
niece племянница

 

Прилагательные:

rich богатый
tall высокий
casual случайный, нерегулярный, выходной (нерабочий), беззаботный, неформальный
attractive привлекательный
soft мягкий, нежный, тихий, спокойный
gentle мягкий, добрый, тихий, спокойный
common общий, обычный, простой, здравый
clever умный, ловкий, способный
outdoor находящийся вне дома, на открытом воздухе, наружный, не домосед
local местный
close близкий; близко (adv)
sociable общительный
quiet спокойный, тихий
bright яркий, способный, живой, весёлый
generous щедрый, великодушный
tolerant терпимый

 

Глаголы:

wear носить (одежду), быть одетым
get back вернуться
travel путешествовать
prefer предпочитать
study учиться, изучать
mend чинить, ремонтировать
entertain развлекаться
agree соглашаться

 

Словосочетания:

to see much of smb часто видеться с кем-либо
to be interested in smth быть заинтересованным в чём-то
to be full of smth быть полным чего-либо
to look after smth, smb присматривать за чем-то, кем-то
to go skating (skiing) кататься на коньках (лыжах)
to be fond of smth увлекаться чем-то, нравиться
to be going to do smth собираться что-то делать
to get married пожениться
to do well хорошо учиться
to be good at smth быть умелым, искусным в чём-то

 

Vocabulary Exercises

 

Упражнение 1. Подберите определения для каждого из родственников.

Grandmother, granddaughter, niece, aunt, great grandmother, cousin, uncle, grandfather

1. Your mother’s father



2. Your father’s sister

3. Your father’s brother’s son

4. Your sister’s daughter

5. Your father’s mother

6. Your daughter’s daughter

7. Your father’s brother

8. Your father’s grandmother

 

Упражнение 2. Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу прилагательными.

Tall, soft, common, clever, outdoor, local, close, quiet, bright, generous

1. There’s a bus-stop … to the school.

2. Tom is 6 foot … .

3. He is … at arithmetic.

4. The husband is French, the wife is German, and the lodger (жилец) is Italian, but they have English as a … language.

5. He is … with his money.

6. He leads an … life; so you can’t call him a home-lover.

7. A … boy learns quickly.

8. This is our … doctor; he treats patients of this district.

9. She likes a … pillow and a hard mattress.

10. It is impossible for her to live a … life in the country; she is a very bright girl.

 

Упражнение 3. Составьте подходящие словосочетания с глаголами:

wear a broken window
travel to proposal
study a nice dress
mend tea to coffee
prefer by one’s own car
agree a foreign language
get back oneself with playing the piano
entertain home

 

 

Text. An English Family

 

The Cornfords live in Rugby at 28 Coronation Street. John Cornford is a rich businessman of about fifty. He is tall and dark. He wears dark suits but at weekends he wears casual clothes. He usually gets up at six, does some exercises and goes to the office. He never gets back before ten o’clock at night, so he doesn’t see much of his family. He is interested in collecting pictures of horses. At the moment he is traveling on business in America because he is opening an office over there next year.

Sarah, Mr. Cornford’s wife, is forty-five. She is an attractive woman with blond hair and soft blue eyes. She is kind and gentle, very practical and full of common sense. Sarah is a house-wife. She looks after the house and the family.

The Cornfords have two children: a son and a daughter. Their son’s name is Steve. He is 22. He is a clever young man. He works at a design office. He is a very outdoor person. He is a member of the local yacht club. When he has a chance Steve and his friends get down to the coast for the weekend, camping there and sailing in competition. He plays football sometimes for a Rugby team, but prefers watching the game, either on television or at the local ground where he goes with his father sometimes.

Steve has a number of close friends and a beautiful girl-friend, Pauline, by name. Pauline studies at a teacher’s training college. Steve and Pauline often go out for the evening to the cinema or else they go skating at the Rugby skating rink. Pauline is a very good skater and she is trying to teach Steve how to skate well. Both Steve and Pauline are very friendly and sociable. Sometimes Steve takes Pauline to the pub where they meet some of their friends and sit and chat for an hour or so and sometimes they go dancing. Steve is very fond of Pauline. They are going to get married in a year.

Steve’s sister, Alice, is a lovely, quiet, serious girl. She goes to grammar school. She is a bright girl and does very well at school. Alice reads a lot, she is fond of music. She is good at drawing. She takes lessons in drawing at the local art school.

Sarah’s mother, Grandma, as the children call her, also lives with them. She is in late sixties. Her kind face is wrinkled, her hair is grey, but she is still quite young in spirit. She likes reading and gardening and she often goes for long walks. She’s a very active person. Either she’s making something or mending something or doing something to entertain herself. She’s extremely generous, but not very tolerant with the people who don’t agree with her.

 

Text Exercises

 

Упражнение 1. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту.

Is the Cornford family large? How many are they? Where do they live? What does Mr. Cornford do? What does he like? What is he interested in? What is he doing in America now? What is Mrs. Cornford like? What does she do? How old is Steve? What’s his job? Is Steve married? Do Steve and Pauline often go out? What is Alice like? What is she fond of? How old is Sarah’s mother? What does she look like? What kind of woman is she?

 

Упражнение 2. Согласитесь или опровергните следующие утверждения:

1. John Cornford is a driver. 2. John Cornford is married. 3. Steve isn’t a very outgoing person. 4. Steve is going to get married. 5. Steve is the only child in the family. 6. Sarah’s mother lives with the Cornfords, too.

Упражнение 3. Прочитайте следующий диалог и воспроизведите его в парах.

 

My Family

- What’s your name?

- My name is Richard Fulton.

- Where are you from?

- I’m from New York.

- How old are you?

- I’m twenty four. I was born on July 26, 1982.

- How many brothers do you have?

- I have two brothers. The elder one is twenty. He’s at the University. The younger one is seventeen. He’s in his last year of high school.

- How many sisters do you have?

- I have one sister. She is nine. She goes to grammar school.

- What does your father do?

- He is a doctor.

- Does your whole family live here?

- My whole family except my grandparents. They live on a farm near Milwaukee.

- Are you related to Mrs. Rayburn?

- She is my aunt.

 

Упражнение 4. Ответьте на вопросы ваших товарищей о вашей семье.

What is your name? How old are you? Are you married? Where do you study? Have you got any hobby? Is your family large? Have you got any brothers or sisters? Will you tell us some words about them? Where do your parents live? What are they? How old are they? What are they like? Are your grandparents alive? How old are they? What do they do? What are they like?

Grammar Exercises

 

Упражнение 1. Вставьте глагол to be в Present, Past или Future Indefinite.

1. My father … a teacher. 2. He … a pupil twenty years ago. 3. I … doctor when I grow up. 4. My sister … not … at home tomorrow. 5. She … at school tomorrow. 6. … you … at home tomorrow? 7. … your father at work yesterday? 8. My sister … ill last week. 9. She … not ill now. 10. Yesterday we … at the theatre. 11. Where … your mother now? – She … in the kitchen. 12. Where … you yesterday? – I … at the cinema. 13. When I come home tomorrow, all my family … at home. 14. … your little sister in bed now? – Yes, she … . 15. … you … at the Institute tomorrow? – Yes, I … . 16. When my granny … young, she … an actress. 17. My friend … in Moscow now. 18. He … in St. Peterburg tomorrow. 19. Where … your books now? – They … in my bag. 20. She … ill yesterday, but now she … fine.

 

Упражнение 2. Заполните пропуски соответствующими формами глаголов to have и to be.

1. I … married. 2. I … a miner. 3. I … a family. 4. My family … large. 5. She … two brothers. 6. We … a fine flat. 7. My wife’s mother … my mother-in-law. 8. This room … five desks. 9. Her husband … in the army. 10. Sally … green eyes. 11. He … a lot of problems. 12. This man … my uncle. 13. The car … a radio. 14. He … blue eyes and a bad memory. 15. What … you? 16. May … 31 days. 17. … your brother a bicycle? 18. … you married? 19. He … two sisters and a brother, but he … not any cousins. 20. She … strong and young.

 

Упражнение 3. Вставьте пропущенные личные местоимения в объектном падеже.

1. Ann and Pete are in class. I can see … . 2. He is in the house. Go to … . 3. She is at college. You can meet … there. 4. The text-book is on the desk. Take … . 5. We are late. Can you help … ? 6. Ann is at school. Meet … please. 7. They are at home. May I speak to … ? 8. Pete may be late. Tell … the time, please. 9. I have a lot of pencils. Let’s look at … . 10. Mary is at home. Tell … to come, please.

 

Упражнение 4. Вставьте пропущенные притяжательные местоимения.

1. We live in a little village. There are very many old houses in … village. 2. You take chemistry at University. Are there many students at … group? 3. They live in Kiev. Do they live in the centre of … city? 4. He teaches at school. Does he like … job? 5. I have got a large family. I spend every weekend with … family.

 

Упражнение 5. Перефразируйте следующие высказывания в соответствии с моделью:

e.g. These are our books. – These books are ours.

1. Those are their tickets. 2. Is this your pen? 3. That is our dog. 4. This is his typewriter. 5. Are those your gloves? 6. Is that my umbrella? 7. This is Mary’s hat. 8. That is my brother’s house. 9. This is his coat. 10. Are these my flowers? 11. Is that your car? 12. Is that her tape-recorder?

e.g. These pencils are hers. – These are her pencils.

1. Those gloves are yours. 2. Is that dictionary hers? 3. Is that bag mine? 4. That car is ours. 5. The dog isn’t mine. 6. Those glasses are his. 7. Are these pictures John’s? 8. Is that shirt his? 9. That newspaper is hers. 10. That house is my brother’s. 11. These newspapers are yours. 12. This car is theirs.

 

Упражнение 6. Поставьте следующие существительные во множественное число:

A star, a mountain, a tree, a shilling, a king, the waiter, the queen, a man, the man, a woman, the woman, an eye, a shelf, a box, the city, a boy, a goose, the watch, a mouse, a dress, a toy, a tooth, a child, the ox, the life, a tomato

 

Упражнение 7. Поставьте следующие словосочетания во множественное число:

this tea-cup, this egg, that wall, that picture, this foot, that mountain, this lady, that window, this man, that match, this knife

 

Упражнение 8. Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This is a star. 2. This is a boy. 3. This is a baby. 4. That is a plate. 5. That is a flower. 6. That is a bookshelf. 7. Is this a sofa? 8. Is this a bookcase? 9. Is this a man? 10. Is that a ball? 11. Is a window open? 12. Is the door closed? 13. Is the boy near the window? 14. This isn’t a mountain. 15. That isn’t a goose. 16. This isn’t a mouse. 17. It is not a cat. 18. It isn’t a tree. 19. This man is an engineer. 20. That woman is my sister. 21. That girl is my niece. She is a pupil. 22. This boy has a good coat. 23. I have a good pen. My pen is in the pocket. 24. Has this lady a knife? 25. This lady is that gentleman’s wife. 26. This shoe is too large for my foot. 27. My tooth is white. 28. This is my friend’s study. 29. Is this worker an Englishman or a German? – He is a Frenchman. 30. This strawberry is still green.

 

Упражнение 9. Перефразируйте следующие словосочетания и предложения, употребляя притяжательный падеж.

1. The room of my friend. 2. The questions of my son. 3. The wife of my brother. 4. The table of our teacher. 5. The poems of Pushkin. 6. The voice of this girl. 7. The new club of the workers. 8. The letter of Pete. 9. The car of my parents. 10. The life of this woman. 11. The handbags of these women. 12. The flat of my sister is large. 13. The children of my brother are at home. 14. The room of the boys is large. 15. The name of the girl is Jane. 16. The work of these students is interesting.

 

Упражнение 10. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя притяжательный падеж:

книга мальчика, адрес моего друга, машина Смита, кукла сестры, дом этого человека, сестра этой девушки, комната учителей, книги этих мальчиков, дом этих мужчин, дверь комнаты, конец фильма, чашка кофе, ваза с цветами, кувшин молока, бутылка вина, крыша дома, сад моего соседа, радио Попова, кусок мела, реки Сибири, мамина кошка, дом родителей, письмо его сестры, коньки её брата, тетради ваших учеников, вещи детей, птичье гнездо, отец моего друга, сумка Тома, словари студентов, книга нашего учителя.

 

Упражнение 11. Переведите на русский язык предложения.

1. There is a river in this forest. The river is in this forest. 2. There are books and magazines in my bag. The books and magazines are in the bag. 3. There is a copy-book on the table. The copy-book is on the table. 4. There is hot tea and cheese on the table. The hot tea and cheese are on the table. 5. There are pupils and a teacher in the classroom. The pupils and the teacher are in the classroom. 6. There is a museum in the street. The museum is in the street. 7. There is a book and two magazines on the shelf. The book and two magazines are on the shelf.

 

Упражнение 12. Поставьте глаголы в следующих предложениях в прошедшем и будущем временах:

1. There are many trees in our garden. 2. There is a trolley-bus stop near my office. 3. There are some mistakes in his dictation. 4. There is a piece of chalk on the table. 5. There is much snow in the street. 6. There are many flowers in the vase. 7. There are two pens in my bag. 8. There are three rooms in my flat. 9. There is an airport in our town. 10. There is a carpet in our bedroom.

 

Упражнение 13. Переведите на английский язык.

1. На этой улице много новых домов. 2. Что лежит на том столе? 3. В нашей аудитории нет карты. 4. Сколько стульев в вашем кабинете? 5. Рядом с моим домом есть небольшой парк. 6. На нашей улице скоро будет новый магазин. 7. Что находится на углу улицы? 8. На вечере будет много гостей? 9. В твоей контрольной были ошибки? 10. В вашей квартире есть спальня? 11. Словарь не на столе, он на полке. 12. У них нет книжного шкафа. 13. У меня нет этого журнала. 14. На столе нет этого журнала. 15. Этот журнал на столе. 16. Есть ли в этом журнале его статья? 17. Мой институт на проспекте Мира. 18. Слова этого текста в конце учебника. 19. В этом тексте нет новых слов. 20. В нашей группе было 23 студента в прошлом году, а в этом году их 25. 21. У моего друга очень хорошая библиотека. 22. На нашей улице будет новый магазин. 23. На столе горячий чай и сыр. 24. В этом тексте нет новых слов. 25. Времени нет. 26. В английском алфавите 26 букв. 27. В неделе семь дней. 28. В городке несколько маленьких парков. 29. У меня нет времени. 30. В комнате три окна.

 

Упражнение 14. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Indefinite:

 

1. I (to read) now. I (to read) every day.
2. We (to drink) tea now. We (to drink) tea every morning.
3. We (not to watch) TV now. We (not to watch) TV in the morning.
4. They (not to eat) now. They (not to eat) at the lesson.
5. You (to work) now? You (to work) every day?
6. He (to play) now? He (to play) in the afternoon?
7. What you (to do) now? What you (to do) every morning?
8. What you (to read) now? What you (to read) after dinner?
9. What they (to eat) now? What they (to eat) at breakfast?
10. What your brother (to drink) now? What your brother (to drink) in the evening?

 

Упражнение 15. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Indefinite:

1. I (to write) a composition now. 2. I (not to drink) milk now. 3. I (to go) for a walk after dinner. 4. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sunday. 5. He (not to read) now. 6. He (to play) now. 7. He (to play) now? 8. My mother (to work) at a factory. 9. My aunt (not to work) at the factory. 10. You (to work) at an office? 11. My friend (to live) in St. Petersburg. 12. My cousin (not to live) in Moscow. 13. The children (not to sleep) now. 14. You (to play) chess now? 15. Look at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it (to get) warmer. 16. Listen! Who (to play) the piano in the next room? 17. It (to take) me forty minutes to get to the University. 18. Michael (to know) German rather well. 19. When your lessons (to begin) on Monday? 20. The dog (to lie) on the floor.





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