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The United States of America




Text

Exercises

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Sochi

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Tasks

Exercises

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Oxford

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Exercises

Questions

Great Britain

Tasks

 

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

 

 

 

The official name for the country whose language we study is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In everyday use, however, the word “Britain” is quite possible.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has several different names. Some people say “Great Britain”, or “Britain”, or “the United Kingdom”, or just “the U.K.” and “G.B.”

Great Britain is an island that lies off the north-west of Europe. It is the largest island in Europe. It is 500 km wide and nearly 1,000 km long. There is the Atlantic Ocean on the north of it and the North Sea on the east. The English Channel, which is about 21 miles, separates the U.K. from the continent. Its closest continental neighbours are France and Belgium. Recently the channel Tunnel, which links France and England, has been built.

There are four countries in the United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England, Scotland and Wales are three main parts of Great Britain. Scotland is in the north. Edinburgh is Scotland’s capital, it is one of the most beautiful cities in Britain. Wales is in the west.

Ireland, which is also an island, lies off the west coast of Great Britain. Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic (Eire) are on this island. Belfast is the largest city in Northern Ireland and it is its capital.

Great Britain together with Northern Ireland constitutes the United Kingdom (U.K.).The capital city of Great Britain is London which is situated in the southeast of England. London is more than a thousand years old.

Wales is a country of hills and mountains, with deep rivers and valleys. Cardiff is the capital of Wales. The most important towns and cities are Swansea and Newport. Wales has been united with England for seven hundred years. Prince Charles became the Prince of Wales in 1969.

Wales has its own Welsh language. About 20% of the people in Wales speak Welsh and children learn it in Welsh schools. Wales is famous for its production of coal and steel. Wales is an important centre for electronics and steel pro­duction. The main activities are sheep and cattle rearing, and dairy farming. Wales attracts many tourists. There are three National Parks there.

The most popular sport in Wales is rugby.



 

1. What parts does Great Britain consist of?

2. What are the main islands of Great Britain?

3. How old is London?

4. Who is the Prince of Wales?

 

 

1. Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных:.

house, life, set, goose, safe, deer, knife, fox, name, tooth, play, woman-doctor, year, shelf, idea, potato, wife, piano, child, ray, mouse, photo, city, leaf, foot, teacher, family, group, conductor, roof, ox, tomato, sheep, man, passer-by, brother-in-law, giraffe.

 

2. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык, употребляя притяжательный падеж существительного.

письмо моего друга, рассказы этого писателя, библиотека этого института, дочь моей младшей сестры, младшая дочь моей сестры, лучи солнца, права детей, стены этого старого здания

 

3. Употребите нужную форму личных местоимений.

1. I often see (they, them) in the bus. 2. She lives near (we, us). 3. (We, us) always walk to school together. 4. He teaches (we, us) English. 5. She sits near (I, me) during the lesson. 6. I always speak to (he, him) in English. 7. What is the matter with (he, him) today? 8. He explains the lesson to (we, us) each morning. 9. There are some letters here for you and (I, me). 10. I know (she, her) and her sister very well.

 

4. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

1. I learnt many new English words. 2. The students are translating the text now. 3. There are ten new words in the lesson. 4. There will be enough chairs for everyone. 5. We were pleased to receive your letter. 6. The door of the office remains open. 7. The wind last night was very strong. 8. He and his brother were sick two days ago. 9. There are few passengers in the compartment. 10. There was a very interesting lecture last Monday. 11. They passed two examinations last spring. 12. There was a large picture in her room.

 

5. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Indefinite:

1. We (read) the newspaper in class every day. 2. He always (prepare) his homework carefully. 3. We always (play) tennis on Saturdays. 4. She (speak) several foreign languages. 5. The children (play) in the park every afternoon. 6. Helen (work) very hard. 7. They (take) a lot of trips together. 8. We always (travel) by car. 9. I (eat) lunch in the cafeteria every day.

 

6. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Indefinite. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. I (forget) to bring my notebook to class yesterday. 2. The telephone (ring) twice but no one answered it. 3. George (think) about his troubles continuously. 4. Last year Professor Johnes (teach) us both English and mathematics. 5. I (lose) my English book yesterday but (find) it later. 6. The Smiths (take) their two children to the South with them. 7. He (tell) the whole story to us. 8. The meeting (begin) at ten o’clock yesterday. 9. They (go) to the park after the lesson.

 

7. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме, употребляя данные в скобках вопросительные слова:

1. They sat in the first row. (In which row) 2. The performance lasted two hours. (How long) 3. He went to Leningrad to see some friends. (Why) 4. She put the mail on my desk. (Where) 5. He walked to school with Mary. (Whom with) 6. They spoke to us in French. (In what language) 7. He arrived home very late. (When)

 

8. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Continuous:

1. I see that you (wear) your new suit today. 2. They (wait) for us on the corner now. 3. Listen! Someone (knock) at the door. 4. The bus (stop) for us now. 5. The leaves (begin) to fall from the trees. 6. Please, be quiet! The baby (sleep). 7. John (have) lunch in the cafeteria now. 8. Listen! I think the telephone (ring). 9. Ann seems to be very busy. I guess she (prepare) her English lesson.

 

9. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Continuous:

1. It (rain) when I left home. 2. When you telephoned, I (have) dinner. 3. The baby (sleep) soundly when I went to wake him. 4. The accident happened while they (travel) in the South. 5. When I got up this morning, the sun (shine) brightly. 6. At seven o’clock, when you telephoned, I (read) a newspaper. 7. Mary (play) the piano when I arrived. 8. She (talk) with Mr. Smith when I saw her in the hall.9. The wind (blow) hard when I came to work this morning.

 

10. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Future Continuous:

1. I (wait) on the corner for you at the usual time tomorrow morning. 2. It probably (rain) when you get back. 3. If you come before six, I (work) in my garden. 4. At this time tomorrow afternoon I (take) my final English examination. 5. If we go there now, they (have) dinner. But if we go later, they (watch) TV. 6. At this time next year he (study) at the university.

 

11. Замените в следующих предложениях действительный залог страдательным. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The audience enjoyed the concert very much. 2. The little boy ate the cake. 3. The teacher corrects our exercises at home. 4. They started a dancing class last week. 5. Everybody will see this film. 6. The teacher returned our written work to us. 7. Mr. Smith will leave the tickets at the box-office. 8. The students translate texts during the lessons. 9. Mary took that book from the desk.

 

12. Образуйте наречия от следующих прилагательных с помощью суффикса –ly. Переведите наречия на русcкий язык:

bad, quick, rare, kind, correct, sudden, loud, easy, free, especial, careful, secret, wonderful, happy, comfortable, nice, wide, regular

 

13. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных и наречий

near, good, badly, much, well, last, little, bad, far, many short, wide, big, fast, early, quick, loud, small, old, late, long, easy, nice, young, kind, large, interesting, carefully, attentively, comfortable, progressive, wonderful, beautifully, carefully, remarkable, efficient, clearly, regularly, difficult, often, quickly

 

14. Образуйте повелительные предложения, затем употребите их в отрицательной форме.

Образец: (to tell) her about it. Tell her about it. – Don’t tell her about it.

1. (to give) this book to Michael. 2. (to open) the window, please. 3. (to close) the door. 4. (to ring) him up in the morning. 5. (to let) him talk to his friend. 6. (to turn) off the light. 7. (to leave) your hat on the chair. 8. (to pass) me the salt. 9. (to help) him with his homework.

ВТОРОЙ ВАРИАНТ КОНТРОЛЬНОГО ЗАДАНИЯ №1

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

 

 

 

Oxford is one of the greatest English universities. Another famous university is Cambridge. Cambridge and Oxford are almost identical, so they are often called Oxbridge. They trace their long history back to the same period. By the end of the thirteenth century both universities already had colleges. Oxford and Cambridge are associated with the higher ranks of society. They have always been universities for gentlemen.

The university city of Cambridge is built on the river Cam. Cambridge University, founded in 1209, is still one of the two best places to study in England. So is Oxford University. Students work very hard to obtain a place at “Oxbridge” – either at Oxford or at Cambridge. There is a great rivalry between these two ancient universities: each wants to be better than the other, but in reality both are equally good.

Today, Cambridge is famous not only for its university, but also because it is a very picturesque and ancient city. Many of its buildings are very old: some were built about 700 years ago. Some of the older buildings are covered with beautiful plants such as ivy. Many are surrounded by green lawns and multicoloured flower-beds. Although all the colleges belong to the same university, each has its own character and style. In 1440 King Henry VI founded King’s College, hoping that this would make people remember him. It is still the most famous college in Cambridge because its chapel is one of the finest churches in Western Europe. There are also many beautiful bridges across the Cam including the Mathematical Bridge and the Bridge if Sighs.

Cambridge is a very pleasant city to live and study in. Since there are so many colleges, a large number of the city’s inhabitants are young students. In the day-time the students work in many libraries or attend lectures, while in the evenings they go back to their college rooms or university lodgings.

Sport plays a large part in university life. As Cambridge is on the Cam, rowing seems to be the most popular sport. There are “boathouses” all along the river bank and early in the morning you’ll see many students rowing, whatever the weather. The best of them are preparing for the famous annual boat race against their rivals from Oxford. This race attracts much attention: thousands of people line the bank of the Thames in London to cheer both teams on, and the race is broadcast on television in many different parts of the world.

When visiting Cambridge, one should certainly take the time to have a look around the shops. There are many bookshops for students and tailors’ shops where long traditional gowns are sold. At the weekends shops are often crowded with tourists looking for souvenirs such as mugs, T-shirts and scarves, all with college crests on them. Students wear scarves of various colours in winter when the weather is cold – at least by English standards! They often complain of the wind and rain, as most of them travel around by bicycle.

Foreign students from different countries enjoy their stay in Cambridge not only because of its beautiful sights, but because they have a chance to meet many English people of their own age.

 

  1. When did Oxford and Cambridge universities have already colleges?

2. Why do people often call Cambridge and Oxford universities “Oxbridge”?

3. Who was the founder of the first college?

4. What kind of sport is the most popular with the students?

5. Do foreign students come from different countries only to enjoy their stay in Cambridge?

 

 

 

1. Замените существительные с предлогом of существительными в притяжательном падеже.

Образец: the name of my friend – my friend’s name

a meeting of students; the flat of my mother-in-law; the rays of the sun; a distance of two miles; the joys of life; the house of his parents; the theatres of Moscow; the children of my sister Mary; the books of those women.

 

2. Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных:

student, party, chair, tooth, roof, university, calf, swine, man, play, car, year, shelf, way, potato, wife, piano, child, ray, mouse, photo, man-servant, leaf, foot, family, group, conductor, radio, ox, tomato, woman, sheep, man-of-war, forget-me-not.

 

3. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

1. I learnt many new English words. 2. The students are translating the text now. 3. There are ten new words in the lesson. 4. There will be enough chairs for everyone. 5. We were pleased to receive your letter. 6. The door of the office remains open. 7. The wind last night was very strong. 8. He and his brother were sick two days ago. 9. There are few passengers in the compartment. 10. There was a very interesting lecture last Monday. 11. They passed two examinations last spring. 12. There was a large picture in her room.

 

4. Употребите нужную форму указательных местоимений this, that, these, those.

1. All … is very interesting. 2. … exercises are very easy. 3. … will do. 4. …chair is very comfortable. 5. … is my English book. 6. Try one of … cakes over there. 7. … are the TV sets of the latest type. 8. … office at the end of the hall is the administration office. 9. There are some letters on … table near the window. 10. … books are over there in the bookcase.

 

5. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Indefinite:

1. We (read) the newspaper in class every day. 2. He always (prepare) his homework carefully. 3. We always (play) tennis on Saturdays. 4. She (speak) several foreign languages. 5. The children (play) in the park every afternoon. 6. Helen (work) very hard. 7. They (take) a lot of trips together. 8. We always (travel) by car. 9. I (eat) lunch in the cafeteria every day.

 

6. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Indefinite. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. I (forget) to bring my notebook to class yesterday. 2. The telephone (ring) twice but no one answered it. 3. George (think) about his troubles continuously. 4. Last year Professor Johnes (teach) us both English and mathematics. 5. I (lose) my English book yesterday but (find) it later. 6. The Browns (take) their two children to the South with them. 7. He (tell) the whole story to us. 8. The meeting (begin) at ten o’clock yesterday. 9. The children (run) to the park after the lesson.

 

7. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме, употребляя данные в скобках вопросительные слова:

1. They sat in the first row. (In which row) 2. The performance lasted two hours. (How long) 3. He went to Leningrad to see some friends. (Why) 4. She put the mail on my desk. (Where) 5. He walked to school with Mary. (Whom with) 6. They spoke to us in French. (In what language) 7. He arrived home very late. (When)

 

8. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Continuous:

1. I see that you (wear) your new suit today. 2. They (wait) for us on the corner now. 3. Listen! Someone (knock) at the door. 4. The bus (stop) for us now. 5. The leaves (begin) to fall from the trees. 6. Please, be quiet! The baby (sleep). 7. John (have) lunch in the cafeteria now. 8. Listen! I think the telephone (ring). 9. Ann seems to be very busy. I guess she (prepare) her English lesson.

 

9. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Continuous:

1. It (rain) when I left home. 2. When you telephoned, I (have) dinner. 3. The baby (sleep) soundly when I went to wake him. 4. The accident happened while they (travel) in the South. 5. When I got up this morning, the sun (shine) brightly. 6. At seven o’clock, when you telephoned, I (read) a newspaper. 7. Mary (play) the piano when I arrived. 8. She (talk) with Mr. Smith when I saw her in the hall.9. The wind (blow) hard when I came to work this morning.

 

10. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Future Continuous:

1. I (wait) on the corner for you at the usual time tomorrow morning. 2. It probably (rain) when you get back. 3. If you come before six, I (work) in my garden. 4. At this time tomorrow afternoon I (take)my final English examination. 5. If we go there now, they (have) dinner. But if we go later, they (watch) TV. 6. At this time next year he (study) at the university.

 

11. Замените в следующих предложениях действительный залог страдательным. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The audience enjoyed the concert very much. 2. The little boy ate the cake. 3. The teacher corrects our exercises at home. 4. They started a dancing class last week. 5. Everybody will see this film. 6. The teacher returned our written work to us. 7. Mr. Smith will leave the tickets at the box-office. 8. The students translate texts during the lessons. 9. Mary took that book from the desk.

 

12. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных и наречий

near, good, badly, much, well, last, little, bad, far, many short, wide, big, fast, early, quick, loud, small, old, late, long, easy, nice, young, kind, large, interesting, carefully, attentively, comfortable, progressive, wonderful, beautifully, carefully, remarkable, efficient, clearly, regularly, difficult, often, quickly

 

13. Образуйте наречия от следующих прилагательных с помощью суффикса –ly. Переведите наречия на русcкий язык:

bad, quick, correct, sudden, wide, loud, easy, free, nice, especial, careful, near, kind, wonderful, happy, comfortable, late, secret

 

14. Образуйте повелительные предложения, затем употребите их в отрицательной форме.

Образец: (to tell) her about it. Tell her about it. – Don’t tell her about it.

1. (to give) this book to Michael. 2. (to open) the window, please. 3. (to close) the door. 4. (to ring) him up in the morning. 5. (to let) him talk to his friend. 6. (to turn) off the light. 7. (to leave) your hat on the chair. 8. (to pass) me the salt. 9. (to help) him with his homework.

 

 

ТРЕТИЙ ВАРИАНТ КОНТРОЛЬНОГО ЗАДАНИЯ №1

 

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

Who is the modern student?

 

1. Who is the modern student? The athlete with his college scarf? The blue-stocking, cycling to her lecture? The activist hurling abuse at a politician?

2. These days the students are the checkout girl at Sainsbury’s (a British supermarket) or the waiter in your favourite bistro.

3. The modern student works: “full-time student” no longer means someone who spends time in libraries or lectures, with an occasional vacation job. At many universities, most students have jobs during term-time. At London Guildhall, more than 80 per cent of the students work during term for between five and 25 hours a week.

4. Why do they do it? For some, it is certainly to fund a car or to finance evenings in the pub. For many, however, whose families are too poor to help, it is to keep body and soul together. Some have a natural aversion to building up a large debt to the Student Loans Company. Many mature students feel guilty about their wives, husbands or children supporting them a college course, and work to reduce the burden.

5. Juggling study with work is hard. It requires skills of time management that would be envied by many management consultants. As one student, Aidan, put it to me: “I need lectures to start at 10 a.m., not because of a party the night before but because then I can use a cheap railcard. I must be away by 4 p.m. to pick up my daughter, leave her with her grandmother, and get to my evening job. When do I write my essays? Well, there’s the weekend and early mornings.”

6. Many students still live in college rooms or halls of residence. But others stay at or close to home, where jobs are easier to come by. Often, they commute to classes and live in cramped accommodation, a shared room where there is nowhere to study. There is not enough money for books, let alone computer. It is no surprise that they sometimes wonder if they can cope or will be forced to drop out.

 

 

1. What may the students do these days?

2. Is it possible to combine day study with work?

3. What kind of activities does one of the students do?

4. Do full-time students work in Russia?

 

 

 

1. Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных:.

subject, kangaroo, goose, safe, deer, knife, policewoman, name, tooth, day, star, forget-me-not, shelf, idea, potato, wife, piano, child, ray, mouse, photo, city, man-doctor, leaf, foot, swine, family, group, conductor, roof, ox, tomato, sheep.

 

2. Употребите нужную форму притяжательных местоимений.

1. This is (our/ours) car. 2. Does she live near (your/yours) house? 3. They always walk to (their/theirs) school together. 4. Whose umbrella is this? It is (my/mine). 5. She loves (her/hers) children. 6. Nick doesn’t have a bicycle. That bicycle isn’t (him/his). 7. These aren’t (our/ours) bags. They are (their/theirs). 8 This is not (his/him) camera. This is (my/mine). 9 We explain the lesson to (our/ours) students each morning. 10. Is that dog (her/hers)? 11. (My/Mine) name is Tom. What is (your/yours)?

 

3. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык, употребляя притяжательный падеж.

дом моего друга, картины этого художника, библиотека нашего дедушки, сестра моей мамы, старший сын моей сестры, стены этого старого театра, дети тех женщин, игрушки её детей

 

4. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

1. I learnt many new English words. 2. The students are translating the text now. 3. There are ten new words in the lesson. 4. There will be enough chairs for everyone. 5. We were pleased to receive your letter. 6. The door of the office remains open. 7. The wind last night was very strong. 8. He and his brother were sick two days ago. 9. There are few passengers in the compartment. 10. There was a very interesting lecture last Monday. 11. They passed two examinations last spring. 12. There was a large picture in her room.

 

5. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Indefinite:

1. We (read) the newspaper in class every day. 2. He always (prepare) his homework carefully. 3. We always (play) tennis on Saturdays. 4. She (speak) several foreign languages. 5. The children (play) in the park every afternoon. 6. Helen (work) very hard. 7. They (take) a lot of trips together. 8. We always (travel) by car. 9. I (eat) lunch in the cafeteria every day.

 

6. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Indefinite. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. I (forget) to bring my notebook to class yesterday. 2. The telephone (ring) twice but no one answered it. 3. George (think) about his troubles continuously. 4. Last year Professor Johnes (teach) us both English and mathematics. 5. I (lose) my English book yesterday but (find) it later. 6. The Petrovs (take) their two children to the South with them. 7. He (tell) the whole story to us. 8. The meeting (begin) at ten o’clock yesterday. 9. They (go) to the park after the lesson.

 

7. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме, употребляя данные в скобках вопросительные слова:

1. They sat in the first row. (In which row) 2. The performance lasted two hours. (How long) 3. He went to Leningrad to see some friends. (Why) 4. She put the mail on my desk. (Where) 5. He walked to school with Mary. (Whom with) 6. They spoke to us in French. (In what language) 7. He arrived home very late. (When)

 

8. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Continuous:

1. I see that you (wear) your new suit today. 2. They (wait) for us on the corner now. 3. Listen! Someone (knock) at the door. 4. The bus (stop) for us now. 5. The leaves (begin) to fall from the trees. 6. Please, be quiet! The baby (sleep). 7. John (have) lunch in the cafeteria now. 8. Listen! I think the telephone (ring). 9. Ann seems to be very busy. I guess she (prepare) her English lesson.

 

9. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Continuous:

1. It (rain) when I left home. 2. When you telephoned, I (have) dinner. 3. The baby (sleep) soundly when I went to wake him. 4. The accident happened while they (travel) in the South. 5. When I got up this morning, the sun (shine) brightly. 6. At seven o’clock, when you telephoned, I (read) a newspaper. 7. Mary (play) the piano when I arrived. 8. She (talk) with Mr. Smith when I saw her in the hall.9. The wind (blow) hard when I came to work this morning.

 

10. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Future Continuous:

1. I (wait) on the corner for you at the usual time tomorrow morning. 2. It probably (rain) when you get back. 3. If you come before six, I (work) in my garden. 4. At this time tomorrow afternoon I (take)my final English examination. 5. If we go there now, they (have) dinner. But if we go later, they (watch) TV. 6. At this time next year he (study) at the university.

 

11. Замените в следующих предложениях действительный залог страдательным. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The audience enjoyed the concert very much. 2. The little boy ate the cake. 3. The teacher corrects our exercises at home. 4. They started a dancing class last week. 5. Everybody will see this film. 6. The teacher returned our written work to us. 7. Mr. Smith will leave the tickets at the box-office. 8. The students translate texts during the lessons. 9. Mary took that book from the desk.

 

12. Образуйте наречия от следующих прилагательных с помощью суффикса –ly. Переведите наречия на русcкий язык:

free, nice, kind, wonderful, quick, awful, easy, correct, sudden, careful, loud, especial, bad, secret, beautiful, comfortable, happy, near, late, wide

 

13. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных и наречий

near, good, badly, much, well, last, little, bad, far, many short, wide, big, fast, early, quick, loud, small, old, late, long, easy, nice, young, kind, large, interesting, carefully, attentively, comfortable, progressive, wonderful, beautifully, carefully, remarkable, efficient, clearly, regularly, difficult, often, quickly

 

14 . Образуйте повелительные предложения, затем употребите их в отрицательной форме.

Образец: (to tell) her about it. Tell her about it. – Don’t tell her about it.

1. (to give) this book to Michael. 2. (to open) the window, please. 3. (to close) the door. 4. (to ring) him up in the morning. 5. (to let) him talk to his friend. 6. (to turn) off the light. 7. (to leave) your hat on the chair. 8. (to pass) me the salt. 9. (to help) him with his homework.

 

ЧЕТВЁРТЫЙ ВАРИАНТ КОНТРОЛЬНОГО ЗАДАНИЯ №1

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

 

1. Sochi is our lovely hometown. It is situated on the Black Sea coast about 1500 km south from Moscow. What makes this city so special? Sochi is called the city of three seasons because there is no winter here. As we usually say, “the golden autumn slowly turns into the early spring”. When golden leaves slowly fall down on the earth the first flowers begin to blossom. Sochi is the only northern subtropical city in Russia. One can bathe in the Black Sea from May till October because the water of the Black Sea is still warm. The water of the Black Sea contains many chemical substances such as iodine, chlorine, bromine, sulphates, carbonates, sodium, potassium, etc. All of them react with your body and make you healthier. There are many mineral water springs in Sochi and its area.

2. Have you ever heard the name Greater (Big) Sochi? Sochi is one of the most stretched cities along the sea coast. It is 148 km long! Small towns and settlements: Adler, Khosta, Kudepsta, Dagomys, Lazarevskoye and many others belong to Big Sochi.

3. The history of this area goes back to the ancient times. One can call this area “the Cradle of Mankind”. People came here from Asia Miner 400 – 350 thousand years ago. There are more than 150 historical places of interest in the area. Here camps and caves of prehistoric people have been found.

4. The rich lands of the Caucasus always attracted invaders: Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Genoese, Turks. In the VI century BC the Black Sea coast attracted Greek colonists, who had based a number of trade-settlements, such as Diascuria (modern city of Sukhumi), Pitiunt (Pitsunda), Triglif (Gagra). Christian religion was brought over from the Byzantyne three centuries earlier than to Russia. In the end of the X and beginning of the XI centuries AD the first known Christian constructions were built in Loo, Galitsino and Veseloye.

5. During XVIII – XIX centuries Russia conducted long wars with Turkey for the exit to the Black Sea. In 1829, after the end of the Russian-Turkey war, by the peace treaty the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, from a mouth of the river Kuban up to the fort St. Nicholas (to the south of modern city of Poti), had departed to Russia. The symbol of the victory of the Russian weapon of 1829 is the monument “an Anchor and Cannon”

6. The end of Russin-turkish war had not solved all the problems of strengthening Russia on the Black Sea coast. On April, 21st, 1938 a small wooden fortress was established in the Sochi river area to protect this land from local tribes. It was named Alexandria in honour of the Empress’s Alexandra. The fortress was renamed several times, and only in 1896 by the decision of the Tsarist government it was renamed in the settlement of Sochi, after the name of the River Sochi.

7. In the end of the XIX century the Black Sea coast was intensely occupied by the immigrants from the central parts of Russia, from Moldova, the Ukraine, Byelorussia, Georgia, and Armenians and Greeks from Turkey. The Sochi district became multinational area of Russian Empire and it is till these days..

8. Sochi was a fast developing port, industrial and resort city on the Black Sea coast. Modern houses were constructed in the city, and many streets in the centre of Sochi looked like the centre of Moscow in 30s and 50s. Until now the favourite residence of Russian Presidents is Bocharov Creek. Ski resorts of Krasnaya Polyana, warm blue waters of the Black sea, luxurious hotels, picturesque scenery create irresistible atmosphere around the place. Sochi was elected the host of the Olympic Game 2014. So the city has become a great construction site, where a lot of modern buildings, sport facilities, hotels are being built nowadays. We are looking forward to this remarkable event.

1. What is the Greater Sochi?

2. Where did first people come to this area from?

3. Why did Russia conduct war with Turkey for a long time?

4. When did the Black Sea coast become a multinational area? Who came to live here?

5. What will Sochi be in the future?

1. Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных:

sheep, life, mother-in-law, goose, safe, deer, knife, watch, name, tooth, play, star, key, shelf, hippo, potato, wife, piano, child, ray, mouse, photo, city, doctor, leaf, foot, teacher, family, group, woman-servant, roof, ox, tomato, house, cliff.

 

2. Употребите оборот there is, there are в следующих предложениях.

1. … a new moon tonight. 2. … someone at the door. 3. … a lot of students absent yesterday. 4. … three lamps in the room. 5. … two large windows in this house. 6. Nest year … six English classes in our school. 7. … nobody in the hall now. 8. … no one at home tomorrow. 9. … some letters here for you yesterday. 10. … twelve months in a year. 11. … several beautiful parks in this city.

 

3. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык, употребляя притяжательный падеж.

мама моего друга, оценки этого студента, улицы этих городов, дети моей сестры, работа наших инженеров, территория России, цена этого автомобиля

 

4. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

1. I learnt many new English words. 2. The students are translating the text now. 3. There are ten new words in the lesson. 4. There will be enough chairs for everyone. 5. We were pleased to receive your letter. 6. The door of the office remains open. 7. The wind last night was very strong. 8. He and his brother were sick two days ago. 9. There are few passengers in the compartment. 10. There was a very interesting lecture last Monday. 11. They passed two examinations last spring. 12. There was a large picture in her room.

 

5. Pacкpoйтe скобки, ynoтpeбляя глаголы в одном следующих времён: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous.

1. We (to have) a postcard from them two days ago. They (to say) they (to have) a marvellous time. 2. While she (to shop) this morning, she (to lose) her money. She (not to know) how. 3. They (to announce) our flight. We (to have) a problem. One of our suit­cases (to miss). 4. Who (to speak) there? — I (not to know). 5. He (not to smoke). He (not to smoke) now. When he (to be) at the office yesterday, he (not to smoke), he (to work) hard. 6. When my sister (to wash) her skirt, she (to find) a pound note in the pocket. 7. When you (to learn) German? 8. We (to go) home now because it (to be) late. 9. Who you (to wait) for? 10. Her car (to break) down yesterday while she (to drive) to work. 11. When and where it (to happen)? 12. She always (to wear) nice clothes for work. Today she (to wear) a nice blouse and a dark skirt. 13. What she (to watch) at the moment? 14. I (to see) my friend in the street yesterday, but he (to run) for a bus and he (not to have) time to speak to me. 15. What your son (to do)? — He (to study) computer science. 16. What you (to do) at the weekend? 17. When she (to open) the door, a man (to stand) on the doorstep. It (to be) her uncle, but she (not to recognize) him because he (to wear) dark glasses. 18. Last night we (to go) to a cafe to meet our friends.

6. Замените в следующих предложениях действительный залог страдательным.

1. They did not adopt the resolution yesterday. 2. The students translate texts during the lessons. 3. They will translate this book into English next year. 4. Mary took that book from the desk. 5. He wrote that book last year. 6. She reads English books every day. 7. They started a dancing class last week. 8. Everybody will see this film. 9. The teacher returned our written work to us. 10. Mr. Smith will leave the tickets at the box-office. 11. The teacher will examine the students next week. 12. Meteorologists collect weather reports from all parts of the coun­try.

 

7. Образуйте наречия от следующих прилагательных с помощью суффикса –ly. Переведите наречия на русcкий язык:

soft, quick, correct, sudden, loud, nice, kind, easy, free, especial, careful, secret, bad, wonderful, happy, comfortable, beautiful, wide

 

8. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Future Continuous:

1. I (wait) on the corner for you at the usual time tomorrow morning. 2. It probably (rain) when you get back. 3. If you come before six, I (work) in my garden. 4. At this time tomorrow afternoon I (take)my final English examination. 5. If we go there now, they (have) dinner. But if we go later, they (watch) TV. 6. At this time next year he (study) at the university.

 

9. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных и наречий

near, good, badly, much, well, last, little, bad, far, many short, wide, big, fast, early, quick, loud, small, old, late, long, easy, nice, young, kind, large, interesting, carefully, attentively, comfortable, progressive, wonderful, beautifully, carefully, remarkable, efficient, clearly, regularly, difficult, often, quickly

 

10. Образуйте повелительные предложения, затем употребите их в отрицательной форме.

Образец: (to tell) her about it. Tell her about it. – Don’t tell her about it.

1. (to give) this book to Michael. 2. (to open) the window, please. 3. (to close) the door. 4. (to ring) him up in the morning. 5. (to let) him talk to his friend. 6. (to turn) off the light. 7. (to leave) your hat on the chair. 8. (to pass) me the salt. 9. (to help) him with his homework.

ПЯТЫЙ ВАРИАНТ КОНТРОЛЬНОГО ЗАДАНИЯ №1

 

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

 

The United States of America (the USA) is the fourth largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the central part of the North American continent. The United States of America is a federal republic, consisting of 50 states including the states of Alaska and Hawaii. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands.

The northern boundary is partly formed by the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River; the southern boundary is partly formed by the Rio Grande. The USA also have a sea-border with Russia. The total area of the United States of America (including the district of Columbia) is more than 9 million square kilometers. Inland waters cover more than 507 thousand square kilometers of the total area.

The country is washed by three oceans: by the Arctic, the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. The USA have many lakes, the Great Lakes are the largest of them. There are also many rivers on the US territory. The longest of them are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Columbia, the Rio Grande and some others. On the US territory there are mountains and lowlands. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada. The highest peak, Mount McKinley, is located in Alaska.

The climate conditions are rather different. The country is rich in natural and mineral resources: oil, gas, iron, ore, coal and various metals. The USA is a highly developed industrial and agricultural country. The main industries are aircraft, rocket, automobile, electronics, radio-engineering and some others.

The Americans are made up of nearly all races and nations. The country population is over 250 million people. The national symbol of the USA is its national flag “Stars and Stripes”, having 50 white stars and 13 white and red stripes on its field, symbolizing the number of the original and present day states.

Officially the country comprises 50 states and one District of Columbia. The states differ in size, population and economic development. Each state has its own capital. The capital of the United States of America is Washington. It is situated in the District of Columbia on the banks of the Potomac river and is named after the first US President George Washington. There are many large cities in the US: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, San-Francisco, Cleveland and many others.

The US is a federal state headed by the President. According to the US Constitution the powers of the Government are divided into three branches: legislative, executive, judicial.

The legislative power belongs to the Congress, that consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate represents the states, and the House of Representatives – the population. The executive power belongs to the President and his Administration (Vice-President and Cabinet of Ministers). The judicial power belongs to the Supreme Court and the system of Federal, sate and district courts.

There are several political parties in the USA, the largest of them are the Republicans (symbolized by a donkey) and the Democrats (symbolized by an elephant).

 

Questions:

1. What is the geographical situation of the United States of America?

2. Is the country underdeveloped or highly developed?

3. What are the main symbols of the USA?

4. Where is the District of Columbia situated?

5. Who represents the states and the population in the Congress?





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