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The United States of America. Great Britain ( official name – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands




Great Britain

 

Great Britain ( official name – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands, the larger of which is Great Britain, the smaller is Ireland. In addition to these two islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands.

The total area of Great Britain is 240,000 sq. km ,its population is over 56 mln people.

In the north –west and west the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, in the east – by the North Sea, it is separated from France by the English Channel.

The island of Great Britain is divided into two parts: mountainous and lowland.

There are no very long rivers. The most important rivers are the Thames ( the deepest ) and the Severn (the longest).

Great Britain consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Administratively Great Britain is divided into 55 counties. The biggest cities of the country are London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh and Cardiff.

Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. Officially the head of the state is the Queen ( or the King ). However, the power of the Queen in Great Britain is not absolute. She acts only on the advice of the ministers and Parliament. Parliament in Great Britain exists since 1265 and is the eldest in the world. It consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

Great Britain is a highly-developed industrial country. The main branches of British industry are machine-building, ship-building, metallurgy, electronics, etc.

 

5.Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 

1.Great Britain( official name – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands.

2. In addition to these two islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands.

3. The total area of Great Britain is 500,000 sq. km.

4.In the north-west and west the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, in the east – by the North Sea, it is separated from France by the English Channel.

5. There are no long rivers in Great Britain.

6. Great Britain consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland.

7. Administratively Great Britain is divided into 75 counties.

8. Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy.

9. The capital of Great Britain is Glasgow.

10. Great Britain is a highly – developed industrial country.

 

 

Вариант 2

 

1.Изучите темы: активный залог – формы Simple, Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past, Future); пассивный залог- формы Simple ( Present, Past, Future.)



Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. The devil is not so black as he ....

a) is painted

b) was painting

c) paints

2. The new building of our University ... to the visitors tomorrow.

a) was shown

b) will be shown

c) showed

3. I ... him for a long time

a) know

b) has know

c) have known

4. He ... a car when we saw him.

a) is driving

b) was driving

c) will be driving

5. The students ... their last exam before holidays began.

a) passed

b) pass

c) had passed

2. Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола- Participle I, Participle II.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 

1. The third and the largest painting was the last work ... by the artist.

a) doing

b) done

2. It seems to be a very ... story.

a) interesting

b) interested

3. The circus tent is always filled with ... children.

a) exciting

b) excited

4. It was a letter ... by someone in close touch with Celia.

a) written

b) writing

5. The servant took us into a large hall ... with flowers and carpets.

a) decorated

b) decorating

 

 

3.Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. ... I come in?

a) Can

b) May

c) Might

2. We ... not get the medicine and returned home without it.

a) might

b) had to

c) could

3. The boy ... drive my car if he passes his exam.

a) may

b) will be allowed to

c) can

4. My lips were stiff. I ... hardly speak.

a) could

b) might

c) had to

5. Every member of a trade union ... pay a small sum of money.

a) must

b) could

c) might

 

4.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

 

After its 200th birthday the United States of America still holds the leading position in the western world. What makes the USA the leader is its economic, political and military dominance over other countries.

The United States are situated in the central part of the North American Continent between the two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West. They border with Canada and Mexico.

The country consists of three separate parts. They are the Hawaiian Islands, Alaska and the rest major part of the USA.

There are many big cities and towns in the USA: New York, San Francisco, Washington, Chicago, Los Angeles are the biggest of them.

The United States of America is a parliamentary republic. The government is divided into three branches: legislative ( the US Congress), executive ( the President and his Administration) and the judicial ( the US Supreme Court).

There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic ( symbolized by a “donky”) and the Republican ( its symbol is an “elephant”).

The US President is both head of state and government. He is elected for a four – year term. Presidential elections are held every leap year on the first Tuesday after first Monday in November.

Each of the fifty states of the USA has a constitution patterned after the federal Constitution.

The Presidency means not only a man: means an institution – the “executive” branch of the government.

 

5.Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 

1. The United States of America still holds the leading position in the world.

2. The United States of America are situated in the central part of the North American Continent between the two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

3. The United States of America border with France and Portugal.

4. The country consists of three separate parts : the Hawaiian Islands, Alaska and the rest major part of the USA.

5. The biggest cities of the USA are : Mexico, Lima,Dublin.

6. The United States of America is a parliamentary republic.

7. There are two main political parties in the USA : the Democratic and the Republican.

8. The US President is both head of the state and government.

9. The President is elected for a seven- year term.

10. Each of the fifty states of the USA has a constitution patterned after the federal Constitution.

 

Вариант 3

 

1. Изучите темы : активный залог- формы Simple, Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past , Future); пассивный залог – формы Simple ( Present, Past, Future).

 

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. At the Customs House I ... to open my suit-case.

a) asked

b) was asked

c) am asking

2. The monitor of the group ... next week.

a) will be elected

b) was elected

c) has been elected

3. They ... since last year.

a) have been divorced

b) were divorced

c) will be divorced

4. I ... slowly down the street when somebody called me.

a)was walking

b) am walking

c) will be walking

5. After she ... she felt better.

a) had cried

b) cries

c) has cried

 

11) Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола- ParticipleI, ParticipleII.

Выполните тест .Письменно переведите предложения.

1. I felt suddenly small ...beside those immense walls of stone.

a) standing

b)stood

2. Generally ...,the problem is not so easy as it seems to be.

a) spoken

b) speaking

3. He stood for a while ... my hands.

a) holding

b) held

4. Frankly ... I can’t approve of his behaviour.

a) speaking

b) spoken

5. He will certainly come if ...

a) asked

b)asking

3. Изучите тему : модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1....I call you Bob?

a) May

b) Can

c) Could

2. Why are you late? You ... to have come at 10 a. m.

a) were

b) can

c) may

3. Don’t make so much noise. We ... wake the baby.

a) mustn’t

b) can’t

c) are to

4. Their son ... stay up late last night to watch the World Cup on TV.

a) could

b) was allowed to

c) had to

5. –I’ve got a terrible headache.

- You ... take an aspirin.

a) should

b) must

c) can

4. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

 





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