:


-(3434)-(809)-(7483)-(1457) -(14632) -(1363)-(913)-(1438)-(451)-(1065)-(47672) -(912)-(14524) -(4268)-(17799)-(1338)-(13644)-(11121)-(55)-(373)-(8427)-(374)-(1642)-(23702)-(16968)-(1700)-(12668)-(24684)-(15423)-(506)-(11852) -(3308)-(5571)-(1312)-(7869)-(5454)-(1369)-(2801)-(97182)-(8706)-(18388)-(3217)-(10668) -(299)-(6455)-(42831)-(4793)-(5050)-(2929)-(1568)-(3942)-(17015)-(26596)-(22929)-(12095)-(9961)-(8441)-(4623)-(12629)-(1492) -(1748)

֧. ҧܧӧ - Fagaceae


§ڧݧا֧ߧڧ

֧ܧѧӧ֧ߧߧ ֧էӧ.

1. ѧߧڧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ (ҧѧߧڧ) – ڧ

2. ѧߧѧݧҧڧ (ҧѧߧڧ) – ڧ

3. ѧߧڧߧ ѧӧ ڧӧ 4%, էݧ ߧѧاߧԧ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ - ڧ

4. ӧڧܧӧ اڧէܧ, ѧӧ (ܧާߧ֧ߧ – ѧߧڧ) – ڧ

5. «ѧߧѧ», ѧҧݧ֧ܧ (ܧާߧ֧ߧ – ѧߧѧݧҧڧ) – ڧ

7. «֧ѧߧ٧», ӧ֧ ڧӧԧ֧ާڧէѧݧߧ (ܧާߧ֧ߧ – ѧߧڧ) - ڧ

ѧާѧܧ֧ѧ֧ӧڧ֧ܧѧ ԧ. ا֧, էҧ֧ ֧էӧ. էݧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ѧߧڧߧ.

ѧާѧܧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧۧӧ.ѧߧڧ ҧݧѧէѧ֧ ӧاڧ, ڧӧӧѧݧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧߧڧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ӧۧӧѧާ.

ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ.ާݧ֧ߧߧ ڧߧڧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧԧ ѧߧڧߧ (ѧߧѧݧԧڧߧ ܧާڧ ܧا֧ӧ֧ߧߧ)

ڧݧӧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ. է֧اѧߧڧ ӧݧѧԧ ߧ էݧاߧ ֧ӧѧ 12%; ٧ݧ ҧ֧ ߧ ҧݧ֧ 6,5%; ٧ݧ, ߧ֧ѧӧڧާ 10% ݧߧ ܧڧݧ, ߧ ҧݧ֧ 1,2%; է֧اѧߧڧ ѧߧڧߧ ߧ ާ֧ߧ֧ 10%; ѧڧ, էڧ ܧӧ٧ ڧ ӧ֧ڧާ էڧѧާ֧ 2,8 ާ, ߧ ҧݧ֧ 5%; ݧڧ֧, ѧڧӧڧ ߧާѧݧߧ ܧѧܧ, ߧ ҧݧ֧ 2%; ֧ҧݧ֧ӧ ѧ֧ ާѧ ߧ ҧݧ֧ 4%; ԧѧߧڧ֧ܧ ڧާ֧ ߧ ҧݧ֧ 1%; ާڧߧ֧ѧݧߧ - ߧ ҧݧ֧ 1%.

 

 

- CORTEX QUERCUS

֧֧ѧ (ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧ) - Quercus robur L. (syn. Quercus pedunculata Ehrh.)

ܧѧݧߧ - Quercus petraea Uebl. (syn. Quercus sessiliflora Salisb.)

 

ѧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧѧܧ֧ڧڧܧ. ֧֧ѧ - է֧֧ӧ ӧ է 40 , ڧܧ, ѧܧڧէڧ ܧߧ, ӧݧ է 7 էڧѧާ֧, ֧ާߧ-ܧڧߧ֧ӧ ܧ. ڧ ҧѧߧ-֧ۧӧڧէߧ, ֧ڧ-ݧѧߧ, ѧէѧڧާ ڧݧڧߧڧܧѧާ, ܧاڧ, ӧ֧ ҧݧ֧ڧ, ߧڧ٧ ӧ֧ݧ-٧֧ݧ֧ߧ, ܧܧ֧֧ܧӧ; ѧܧѧ ٧էߧ֧, ֧ ާߧԧڧ է֧ӧ֧ߧ . ӧ֧֧ߧڧ էҧ ߧѧڧߧѧ֧ 50-ݧ֧ߧ֧ԧ ӧ٧ѧ. ӧ֧֧ էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ѧܧѧߧڧ֧ ݧڧ֧. ӧ֧ܧ էߧݧ: ާاܧڧ - ӧڧݧ ܧڧ-֧֧اܧѧ, ا֧ߧܧڧ - ڧէڧ, 1-2, ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧާ ֧ۧѧާ ҧӧ֧ܧѧާ. ݧ - էߧ֧ާߧߧ ا֧ݧէ, ڧէڧ ݧܧ ߧ էݧڧߧߧ ݧէߧاܧ. ֧֧ӧ, ѧڧ ӧҧէߧ, ݧէߧ ֧ا֧ԧէߧ, ݧ֧ - ֧֧ 4-8 ݧ֧. ӧ֧֧ ާѧ, ݧէ ٧֧ӧѧ ֧ߧҧ.



ѧѧߧ֧ߧڧ.ӧ֧ۧܧѧ ѧ ѧߧ. ֧ӧ֧ էէڧ է ѧߧܧ-֧֧ҧԧ ݧԧէ, ӧߧѧ ԧѧߧڧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧڧ - ѧ. ڧҧڧ ߧ ѧ֧. ѧݧߧ֧ ܧ, ާ ߧ ѧӧܧѧ٧ ӧ֧ѧ էԧڧ ӧڧէ. ֧֧ѧ - ߧӧߧѧ է ڧܧݧڧӧ֧ߧߧ ݧ֧.

֧ҧڧѧߧڧ. ݧ֧֧ߧ ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧ, ߧ ԧ-ӧܧ ҧѧ٧֧ ݧ֧ ߧ ӧէѧ٧է֧ݧѧ ҧѧݧܧѧ. ߧԧէ ҧѧ٧֧ ҧڧߧ էҧӧ ݧ֧.

ѧԧӧܧ. ٧ѧԧѧӧݧڧӧѧ֧ ѧߧߧ֧ ӧ֧ߧ, ӧ ӧ֧ާ ܧէӧڧا֧ߧڧ, ܧԧէ ߧ ݧ֧ԧܧ է֧ݧ֧ է֧ӧ֧ڧߧ, ߧ ާ֧ѧ ҧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ ާݧէ ӧݧ է ѧܧѧߧڧ ݧڧ֧. ӧݧ ѧ է֧֧ӧ֧, ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ, ܧ ݧ ҧܧӧ ݧ֧ ֧ڧߧѧާ. ѧܧڧ է֧֧ӧ֧ ߧ֧ڧԧէߧ ٧ѧԧӧܧ. ާݧէ ܧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ҧݧ էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧. ݧ ߧڧ ܧ է֧ݧѧ ܧݧ֧ӧ ߧѧէ֧٧ ߧا ߧ ѧߧڧ 30-35 էڧ էԧԧ, ٧ѧ֧ ֧էڧߧ ڧ էݧߧާ ѧ٧֧٧ѧާ.

ѧߧߧ ާ֧ڧڧ.ѧԧӧܧ ӧ֧է֧ ѧ٧֧֧ߧڧ ݧ֧ߧڧ֧ӧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧ. ѧ֧ ާ֧էݧ֧ߧߧ.

ܧ. ֧ߧ, ߧѧӧ֧ ڧݧ ӧ֧ڧӧѧ֧ާ ާ֧֧ߧڧ. اߧ ݧ֧էڧ, ҧ ߧ ѧݧ էاէ֧ӧѧ ӧէ, ѧ ܧѧ էާ֧ߧߧѧ ܧ ֧֧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧.

ѧߧէѧڧ٧ѧڧ. 1 2, . 3.

ߧ֧ߧڧ ڧ٧ߧѧܧ.() ֧ݧߧ . ܧ ܧ ҧѧ, ا֧ݧҧӧѧ ڧݧ ӧڧէ ٧ܧڧ ݧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ էݧڧߧ, ݧڧߧ ܧݧ 2-3 ާ (է 6 ާ). ѧاߧѧ ӧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧ѧ, ֧ا ާѧӧѧ, ԧݧѧէܧѧ ڧݧ ݧ֧ԧܧ ާڧߧڧѧ, ڧߧԧէ ާ֧ݧܧڧާ ֧ڧߧܧѧާ; ѧ ٧ѧާ֧ߧ ֧֧ߧ - ӧߧ ֧֧ӧڧܧ. ߧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ߧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧާ էݧߧާ ߧܧڧާ ӧէѧڧާڧ ֧ҧܧѧާ. ڧ٧ݧާ ߧѧاߧѧ ܧ ٧֧ߧڧѧ, ӧߧѧ, ӧߧ֧ߧߧ - ڧݧߧ ӧݧܧߧڧѧ, ٧ѧߧ٧ڧѧ.

ӧ֧ ܧ ߧѧا ӧ֧ݧ - ҧ ڧݧ ӧ֧ݧ - ֧, ֧֧ҧڧ, ӧߧ ا֧ݧӧѧ - ҧ. ѧѧ ݧѧҧ, ӧ֧ҧѧ٧ߧ, ڧݧڧӧѧڧۧ ާѧڧӧѧߧڧ ܧ ӧէ. ܧ ڧݧߧ ӧاڧ.

٧ާ֧ݧ֧ߧߧ . ܧ ܧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ާ, էڧ ܧӧ٧ ڧ ӧ֧ڧާ էڧѧާ֧ 7 ާ. ӧ֧ ӧ֧ݧ - ҧ, ӧ֧ݧ - ֧, ֧֧ҧڧ ڧݧ ا֧ݧӧѧ - ҧ. ѧѧ ݧѧҧ, ӧ֧ҧѧ٧ߧ, ڧݧڧӧѧڧۧ ާѧڧӧѧߧڧ ܧ ӧէ. ܧ ڧݧߧ ӧاڧ.

- ا֧ݧӧѧ - ҧԧ ӧ֧, էڧ ܧӧ٧ ڧ ӧ֧ڧާ ѧ٧ާ֧ 0,5 ާ. ѧѧ ݧѧҧ, ӧ֧ҧѧ٧ߧ. ܧ ڧݧߧ ӧاڧ.

ڧܧܧڧ. ֧֧ߧ ֧٧ ӧڧէ֧ ҧ ҧܧӧ ݧ ڧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ է ܧݧ֧. ߧѧاߧ ܧ ߧѧէ է٧ ܧѧݧѧ ܧѧݧڧ, ԧ ܧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ֧ ߧ ߧ֧ܧ ѧߧڧ ҧܧ ѧߧԧ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧݧا֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ , ڧ ڧ ֧֧էڧ ԧ ݧҧߧ ӧݧܧ ܧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ֧. ߧѧاߧ ܧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧߧ ѧ٧ҧѧߧ ԧ ӧݧܧ ܧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ֧. ֧ܧ ܧݧ֧ܧ ѧ֧ߧڧާ է֧اѧ ݧҧѧ֧ߧ ӧڧէ ӧܧݧ֧ߧڧ ܧѧߧ - ҧԧ ӧ֧. ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ ܧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ, ѧߧԧ֧ߧѧݧߧ ӧߧ ԧ ݧҧߧ ӧݧܧ ܧڧѧݧݧߧߧ ҧܧݧѧէܧ, ѧݧا֧ߧ ѧѧݧݧ֧ݧߧާ ܧߧ֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧާ ѧާ. ֧اէ ԧѧާ ӧݧܧ է էߧէߧ ֧է֧ӧڧߧߧ ݧ, ֧ا ӧ֧ѧ ҧݧ֧ ڧܧڧ ݧ, ܧ ҧݧڧ ܧѧާҧڧ է֧اѧ ԧ ܧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ֧, ҧݧӧݧڧӧѧ֧ ӧѧߧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ էݧߧ ֧ҧ֧, ӧڧէڧާ ߧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ ӧ֧ߧ.

ѧѧܧ֧ڧ٧֧ ߧѧݧڧڧ֧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ ҧӧܧ ԧ ӧݧܧ ܧڧѧݧݧߧߧ ҧܧݧѧէܧ ԧѧާ ܧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ֧, ӧڧէߧ ܧܧ ҧ ҧܧ; ڧ٧֧էܧ ӧ֧ѧ է٧ ܧѧݧѧ ܧѧݧڧ; է֧اڧާ ѧ֧ߧڧާߧ ܧݧ֧ ܧѧڧӧѧ֧ ѧӧ ا֧ݧ֧٧ѧާާߧڧ֧ӧ ܧӧѧ ֧ߧ - ڧߧڧ ӧ֧.

٧ާاߧ ڧާ֧. ֧ߧ - Fraxinus excelsior L. - ާѧӧѧ, ֧ѧ, ݧ֧ԧܧ ݧڧѧ֧ ާݧԧ-ѧߧѧާڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ٧ߧѧܧѧ. ާڧܧܧ ӧڧէ֧ ֧ӧڧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧ֧٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ڧݧ ܧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ֧. ݧܧߧ ҧ֧ ܧڧѧݧݧߧߧ ҧܧݧѧէܧ.

ڧާڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ. է֧اڧ 10-20% էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧ ( XI ֧ҧ֧ ߧ ާ֧ߧ֧ 8%) - ڧ٧ӧէߧ ԧѧݧݧӧ ݧݧѧԧӧ ܧڧݧ; 13-14% ֧ߧ٧ѧߧ; է 6% ֧ܧڧߧӧ ӧ֧֧; ܧӧ֧֧ڧ ѧѧ.

ѧݧݧ (ѧڧܧ ߧ ݧڧ էҧ, ӧ٧ѧߧߧ ѧѧ٧ڧڧӧѧߧڧ֧ ާ֧ݧܧԧ ߧѧ֧ܧާԧ - ԧѧݧݧڧ ֧ӧܧ) է֧اѧ ҧݧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧. ӧ֧ ѧ էҧ ڧާ֧ ӧ֧֧ӧ ڧߧڧէߧԧ, է֧٧ڧߧڧڧ֧ԧ ѧѧܧ֧.

ѧߧ֧ߧڧ. ڧ, ӧ֧ڧӧѧ֧ާ ާ֧֧ߧڧ, ѧܧӧѧ ܧ 100 ܧ. ѧߧ֧ߧڧ է 5 ݧ֧.

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§ڧݧا֧ߧڧ | §ڧݧا֧ߧڧ

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