:


-(3434)-(809)-(7483)-(1457) -(14632) -(1363)-(913)-(1438)-(451)-(1065)-(47672) -(912)-(14524) -(4268)-(17799)-(1338)-(13644)-(11121)-(55)-(373)-(8427)-(374)-(1642)-(23702)-(16968)-(1700)-(12668)-(24684)-(15423)-(506)-(11852) -(3308)-(5571)-(1312)-(7869)-(5454)-(1369)-(2801)-(97182)-(8706)-(18388)-(3217)-(10668) -(299)-(6455)-(42831)-(4793)-(5050)-(2929)-(1568)-(3942)-(17015)-(26596)-(22929)-(12095)-(9961)-(8441)-(4623)-(12629)-(1492) -(1748)

֧ߧڧܧ ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧѧ - Vaccinium myrtillus L





֧. ӧ֧֧ܧӧ - Ericaceae

ԧڧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ: ֧ߧڧ, ֧ߧڧاߧڧ, ֧ߧڧߧڧ, ֧ߧڧߧڧ, ֧ߧ֧ԧ

 

ѧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧѧܧ֧ڧڧܧ. ѧߧڧ֧ ӧ է 30 . ֧ҧ֧ݧ ܧԧݧ, ާڧ, ӧ֧ӧڧ, ҧ, ߧ ٧֧ݧ֧ߧ ӧ֧ӧ ٧ѧާ֧ߧ ԧѧߧ. ڧ ֧֧էߧ, ܧԧݧ-֧ۧӧڧէߧ, , ܧܧ֧֧ܧӧ, ڧݧѧ-٧ҧѧ ܧѧ֧. ӧ֧ܧ ާ֧ݧܧڧ, էڧߧߧ, ҧ֧ݧ. ֧ߧڧ ܧӧڧߧѧ, ٧֧ݧ֧ߧӧѧ-٧ӧ, 5 ԧߧާ ٧ҧѧާ, ߧڧܧѧڧ, ߧ ܧܧڧ ӧ֧ߧاܧѧ, ѧݧا֧ ѧ٧ѧ ݧڧ֧. ݧ - ֧ߧѧ ѧӧڧէߧѧ ԧէ ާ֧ݧܧڧާ ֧ާ֧ߧѧާ. ӧ֧֧ ާѧ-ڧߧ, ݧէ ٧֧ӧѧ ڧݧ-ѧӧԧ.

ѧѧߧ֧ߧڧ.֧ӧ֧ߧѧ ֧էߧ ѧ ڧ, ֧ݧѧ, ܧѧڧߧ, ڧҧڧ. ѧӧܧѧ٧ ѧ֧ էԧ ӧڧ ֧ߧڧܧ.

֧ҧڧѧߧڧ. ֧ݧӧ, ߧӧ ާ֧ѧߧߧ ݧ֧ѧ, ߧ ӧ֧ӧ ҧݧѧ, ֧ڧާ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ӧݧѧاߧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧ, ѧ ҧѧ٧֧ ҧݧڧ ٧ѧݧ, էҧߧ էݧ ٧ѧԧӧܧ.

ѧԧӧܧ. ֧ڧ ݧߧԧ ٧֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧݧ ӧ֧֧. ݧ֧էߧ֧ ӧ֧ާ ٧ѧԧӧܧ ԧ ڧݧ٧ ֧էӧ ާѧݧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ - ܧӧ ٧ҧѧާ, ߧ ѧ ݧ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ܧӧ էݧ ҧ (ѧާէ֧ݧܧ) ڧݧߧ ӧ֧اէѧ ݧڧӧ ݧէߧڧ ܧ, ҧӧ֧ ֧٧ܧާ ܧѧ֧ߧڧ اѧۧߧ. ٧ѧԧӧܧ ߧ ݧ֧է֧ ҧѧ ٧֧ݧ֧ߧӧѧ ڧ֧ߧߧ ݧէ, ӧ֧ӧ, ݧڧ. ҧѧߧߧ ӧߧ ݧէ ܧݧѧէӧѧ ܧ٧ڧߧ ڧݧ ӧ֧է. ѧ٧֧ѧ֧ ԧէ ާ ֧֧ܧݧѧէӧѧ ڧ էߧ ѧ էԧ. ѧ٧ ӧ֧֧ߧڧ ҧڧѧ ҧ֧ԧ ֧ߧڧܧ, ѧѧ ߧ ӧ֧էڧ ӧ֧ܧ, ݧէ.



ݧڧڧ֧ݧߧ ڧ٧ߧѧܧ ݧէ ֧ߧڧܧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ڧާ֧֧

ѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ѧ֧ߧڧ ڧѧԧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ٧ߧѧܧ
ݧէ ާ ڧݧ ֧ާ ڧݧ ܧ֧ ӧܧ
֧էҧߧ ԧէ
֧ߧڧܧ ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧѧ - Vaccinium myrtillus L. ѧӧڧէߧ, ӧӧ֧ ѧܧ ѧ֧ܧ ӧڧէ ܧݧ֧ӧ ܧ, ֧ߧ ާܧ. ܧ ֧ߧ-ڧݧ֧ӧԧ ӧ֧. ֧ާ֧ߧ էݧԧӧѧ, ާ֧ݧܧڧ, ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ. ݧѧէܧӧѧ-ӧاڧ.
ݧҧڧܧ ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧѧ - Vaccinium uliginosum L. ӧѧݧߧ, ܧߧ֧ ݧէ ֧ߧڧܧ, ӧܧӧ ߧѧݧ֧, ѧܧ ѧ֧ܧ ӧڧէ ܧݧ֧ӧ ܧ ާܧ. ާܧ ٧֧ݧ֧ߧѧ. - // - ݧѧէܧڧ, ݧ֧ԧܧ ӧاڧ.
ާէڧߧ ֧ߧѧ - Ribes nigrum L. ѧҧѧ٧ߧ, ݧ֧ߧѧ ܧߧӧڧէߧ ѧܧ ܧݧӧ֧ߧڧܧ ߧ ӧ֧ܧ. ӧ֧ߧ ѧا֧ߧ ا֧ݧާ ا֧ݧ֧٧ܧѧާ, ٧ѧާ֧ߧާ ݧ. ֧ާ֧ߧ ԧݧѧէܧڧ, ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ, ܧߧ֧, ֧ ֧ߧڧܧ. ڧݧ-ݧѧէܧڧ, ٧ѧѧ ѧާѧߧ.
֧֧ާ ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧѧ - Padus racemosa Gilib. ѧҧѧ٧ߧ, ֧ӧѧ-֧ߧԧ ӧ֧ ҧ֧ݧ ߧѧݧ֧ ӧէ֧ݧڧӧ֧ԧ ѧѧ ܧԧݧ ҧ֧ݧ ҧ ݧէߧاܧ. ܧ էߧ, ܧԧݧ ާ. ڧݧӧѧ-ݧѧէܧڧ, ڧݧߧ ӧاڧ.
֧֧էҧߧ ԧէ (ߧ֧էڧާ)
٧ڧߧ ֧ߧѧ - Sambucus nigra L. ѧӧڧէߧ, ާ֧ݧܧڧ, ӧӧ֧ ѧ ѧ֧ܧ ӧڧէ ܧݧ֧ӧ ܧ, ֧ߧ ާܧ. ܧ ֧ާߧ-ܧѧߧѧ. ֧ާߧܧ (3) էݧԧӧѧ, ֧֧ߧ-ާڧߧڧ. ڧݧӧѧ-ݧѧէܧڧ.
ڧߧ ݧӧڧէߧѧ - Frangula alnus Mill. ѧӧڧէߧ, ֧ߧ, ҧݧ֧ڧ. ܧ (2) ݧܧڧ ܧݧӧ-ӧڧէߧ ӧ. ٧ӧѧ֧ ӧ.
֧ ݧѧҧڧ֧ݧߧ - Rhamnus cathartica L. ѧӧڧէߧ, ֧ߧ, ҧݧ֧ڧ. ܧ (3-4) ֧ԧѧߧߧ, 2 ݧܧڧާ 1 ӧܧݧ ߧѧާ. ݧѧէܧӧѧ-ԧܧڧ.
اا֧ӧ֧ݧߧڧ ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧ - Juniperus communis L. ݧѧէܧڧ, ѧӧڧէߧ, ߧ֧ާڧڧ, ӧӧ֧ - ֧ݧ֧ӧ . ֧ާ֧ߧ (3) ԧݧѧէܧڧ, ӧ֧ݧ-ا֧ݧ, ԧݧӧѧ ާ. ݧѧէܧڧ. ѧѧ ѧާѧߧ.

ѧߧߧ ާ֧ڧڧ. ݧѧߧڧӧѧߧڧ ٧ѧԧӧ ݧ֧է֧ ڧӧѧ ֧ڧէڧߧ ݧէߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ߧڧܧ. ֧ҧէڧާ ֧֧էӧѧ ާѧڧӧ ٧ѧԧӧ.

ܧ.ݧէ ѧܧݧѧէӧѧ ߧܧڧ ݧ֧ ӧڧӧѧ ܧڧ ֧ѧ, ݧէӧߧ ڧݧ էԧڧ ѧݧڧӧѧ֧ާ ڧݧܧѧ, ֧ڧէڧ֧ܧ ֧֧ާ֧ڧӧѧ. ѧ, ܧ ԧէ ֧֧ѧߧ ѧܧѧ ܧ ݧڧѧ ܧާܧ.

ѧߧէѧڧ٧ѧڧ. 1 2, . 35.

ߧ֧ߧڧ ڧ٧ߧѧܧ. () ݧէ - ԧէ էڧѧާ֧ 3-6 ާ, ҧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ, ڧݧߧ ާ֧ߧߧ, ѧ٧ާ֧ߧߧ ӧڧէ ѧӧڧէߧ. ӧ֧ܧ ݧէ ӧڧէ֧ ѧ ѧ֧ܧ ӧڧէ ߧ֧ҧݧ ܧݧ֧ӧ ܧ, ܧاѧ֧ ӧ٧է էڧ ѧܧ ݧҧڧܧ ֧ߧ ڧݧ ߧ֧ҧݧڧ ԧݧҧݧ֧ߧڧ֧ ݧ ֧ԧ ѧէ. ާܧ ݧէ - ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ (է 30 ) ֧ާ֧ߧ ֧ۧӧڧէߧ ާ. ߧӧѧߧڧ ݧէ ڧߧԧէ ڧާ֧֧ ܧܧѧ ݧէߧاܧ.

ӧ֧ ݧէ ӧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ ܧѧߧӧѧ ֧ߧܧ, ާѧӧ ڧݧ ݧ֧ԧܧ ҧݧ֧ڧ; ާܧ - ܧѧߧ - ڧݧ֧ӧ; ֧ާ - ܧѧߧ - ҧ. ѧѧ ݧѧҧ. ܧ ܧڧݧ - ݧѧէܧڧ, ݧ֧ԧܧ ӧاڧ.

ѧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ֧ѧܧڧ.ӧѧ ݧէ (1:10) ڧާ֧֧ ֧ާߧ-ڧݧ֧ӧ ӧ֧. էҧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧѧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧڧ ܧѧ֧ݧ ѧӧ NaOH ӧݧ֧ ݧڧӧܧӧ-٧֧ݧ֧ߧ ܧѧڧӧѧߧڧ (ݧѧӧߧڧէ); էҧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧڧ ܧѧ֧ݧ ѧӧ ѧ֧ѧ ӧڧߧ - ѧާߧ ѧէ (էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧ӧ); էҧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧڧ ܧѧ֧ݧ ѧӧ ا֧ݧ֧٧ѧާާߧڧ֧ӧ ܧӧѧ - ֧ߧ-٧֧ݧ֧ߧ ܧѧڧӧѧߧڧ (ܧߧէ֧ߧڧӧѧߧߧ էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧ӧ). ٧ѧԧӧܧ ݧѧۧߧ ѧէѧ ֧ߧ اڧ ԧէ. ڧӧڧ էԧڧ ԧ ߧ ѧ٧֧ѧ֧. ڧާ֧ ާاߧ ҧߧѧاڧ ڧ٧ߧѧܧѧ, ܧѧ٧ѧߧߧ ѧҧݧڧ.

ڧާڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ.ԧէ ֧ߧڧܧ է֧اѧ է 12% էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧ ڧܧѧ֧ڧߧӧ ԧ; է 7% ԧѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧڧݧ; է 30% ѧѧ, 60 ާ% ѧܧҧڧߧӧ ܧڧݧ, 0,75-1,6 ާ% ܧѧڧߧ, 0,04% ӧڧѧާڧߧ ԧ . ֧ߧڧܧ է֧اڧ ߧѧڧ, ܧѧݧڧ, ܧѧݧڧ, ާѧԧߧڧ, , ا֧ݧ֧٧, ާѧԧѧߧ֧.

ݧڧ֧ߧݧߧ ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧ ѧߧڧѧߧѧާ, ݧ֧ۧܧѧߧڧѧߧѧާ ܧѧ֧ڧߧѧާ. ݧڧ֧ӧ ݧڧ֧ߧݧߧ ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧ ݧ֧ ӧ֧֧ߧڧ ѧ֧ߧڧ. ٧֧ӧڧ ݧէѧ ҧݧ ѧߧڧѧߧ (է 985 ާ%), ݧ٧֧ӧڧ - ҧݧ ܧѧ֧ڧߧ ݧ֧ۧܧѧߧڧѧߧ.

ݧڧ ֧ߧڧܧ ߧѧۧէ֧ߧ էҧڧݧߧ ӧ֧֧ӧ (18-20%), ѧѧ, ѧҧڧ (0,47-0,58%), ԧڧէڧߧ (0,47%), ѧߧڧߧ (2,2-2,8%), ԧѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧڧݧ (ԧѧݧݧӧѧ, ҧ֧ߧ٧ۧߧѧ, ݧڧާߧߧѧ, ҧݧߧѧ, ܧߧѧ, ѧӧ֧ݧ֧ӧѧ, ӧڧߧߧѧ), ާڧߧ֧ѧݧߧ ӧ֧֧ӧ (ܧѧݧڧ, ߧѧڧ, ާѧԧߧڧ, ܧѧݧڧ, ا֧ݧ֧٧, ֧, , ݧ, ۧ 1,9-2,4 ާܧ/ܧ). ѧاߧ ҧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ԧݧڧܧ٧ڧէ - ߧ֧ާڧڧݧݧڧ (2%), ѧԧݧڧܧߧ ܧԧ ӧݧ֧ ӧڧѧާڧߧҧѧ٧ߧ ӧ֧֧ӧ ڧߧ٧ڧ, ާڧڧݧݧڧ (1%), ߧڧۧ ѧߧڧѧߧӧ ԧ, ѧԧݧڧܧߧ ֧ԧ ӧݧ֧ ܧѧ֧ ӧ֧֧ӧ.

ѧߧ֧ߧڧ. ާ֧ܧѧ, ߧ էӧѧߧڧܧѧ, ߧ ߧߧ ܧӧ٧ߧܧ, ѧ ܧѧ ԧէ ݧ֧ԧܧ ѧاѧ ԧէߧ ާݧ. ѧߧ֧ߧڧ 2 ԧէ.





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