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New Zealand

Australia

Canada

Canada is the second largest country in the world. It covers the northern part of the North America. Its total area is more than 9 mln sq km. Canada’s only neighbour is the USA. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

Most of northern Canada has subarctic or arctic climates, with long cold winters lasting 8 to 11 months, short sunny summers, and litle precipitation. In contrast, the populated south has a variety of climotological landscapes.

The total population is about 25 mln people with average population density of 2.8 per sq. km.

English and French are the official languages of Canada and have equal status and equal rights and previleges as to their use in all governmental institutions.

Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and 2 northern territories. The federal Parliament is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate. The leader of the party that wins the largest number of seats in a newly elected House of Commons is asked to form the government.

Canada is a world leader in the production of asbestos, nickel and different other elements, forestry products and takes the first place in the world in the export of minfrals. It exports paper, metals, oil.Agriculture is of major importance to the economy as a whole and is basic in many areas. Canada is among the world’s leading wheat producers and is the second in the export of the wheat.

 

5. Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 

1.Canada is the first largest country in the world.

2. Canada covers the northern part of North America and its total area is more than 9 mln sq. km.

3.The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

4.Canada has short warm winters and long summers.

5. English and French are the official languages of Canada and have equal status and equal rights and previleges as to their use in all governmental institutions.

6.Canada is a parliamentary monarchy.

7. The federal Parliament is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate.

8. The leader of the party that wins the largest number of seats in a newly elected House of Commons is asked to form the government.

9. Canada is a world leader in the production of asbestos , nickel , forestry products and takes the first place in the world in the export of minerals.

10. Canada is among the world’s leading wheat producers and the second in the export of the wheat.

 

 

Вариант 4

 

1. Изучите темы: активный залог- формы Simple , Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past, Future); пассивный залог- формы Simple ( Present, Past, Future).



Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. The novel “War and Peace “ ... by Tolstoy.

a) writing

b) was written

c) is writing

2. The agreement ... at the next meeting.

a) will be discussed

b) are discussed

c) was discussed

3. He ... away for a month.

a) has been

b) was

c) is

4. The family ... a party when the post arrived.

a) was having

b) is having

c) had

5. He rose to fame after he ... the novel “Pickwick Papers”.

a) has written

b) writes

c) had written

 

2 . Изучите тему : простые неличные формы глагола- Participle I, Participle II.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. The doctor looked ...

a) worried

b) worring

2. He did not even glance at the ... man.

a) murded

b) murdering

3. He answered through the ... door.

a) locked

b) locking

4. We stood on the bridge in the fog ... for a taxi.

a) waiting

b) waited

5. He lay on his bed ... a cigarette.

a) smoked

b) smoking

 

 

3. Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Выполните тест .Письменно переведите предложения.

1. I have a thorn in my finger. I ... remove it.

a) can’t

b) needn’t

c) may

2. They were so tired that they ... stand on their feet.

a) might not

b) couldn’t

c) mustn’t

3. I have not finished writing my paper, so I’ll ... do it next term.

a) have to

b) be allowed to

c) could

4. On his way he ... cross a narrow wooden bridge over a stream.

a) was allowed to

b) had to

c) could

5. They were told that they ... continue the research work.

a) were to

b) could

c) may

 

4.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

 

Australia is lying south- east of Asia, between the Pacific and Indian oceans. It’s the world’s smallest continent which is completely surrounded by ocean expances. Its total area is 7,682,300 sq. km.

The continent Australia is divided into four regions: a low , sandy eastern coastal plain , the eastern highland, the central plain , and the western plateau. Although Australia has a wide diversity of climatic conditions , the climate of Australia is generally warm and dry , with no extreme cold and little frost. It changes from comfortably mild in the sourth to hot in the central part and north.

The total population is about 17 mln people with the average density of about 2 persons per sq. km. Most Australians are of British or Irish ancestry as the country was the British colony. More than 99% of the population speak English.

The capital of Australia is Canberra. Australia has a federal Parliamentary government. The Australian federation was formed from six former British colonies which then became states. The Australian constitution combines the traditions of British parliamentary monarchy with important elements of the US federal system.

Australia is the world’s largest wool producer and one of the world’s largest wheat exporters. The main sources of foreighn earnings are wool, food and minerals ( such as iron , copper , zinc , plumbum ) which also provide raw materials for home processing industry.

 

5. Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 

1. Australia is lying between the Atlantic and Indian oceans.

2. Australia is the world’s smallest continent which is completely surrounded by ocean expances.

3.The continent is divided into four regions : a low, sandy eastern coastal plain , the eastern highland , the central plain and the western plateau.

4.Australia has a wide diversity of climatic conditions , the climate of Australia is generally warm and dry , with no extreme cold and little frost.

5.The total population is about 20 mln people

6. Most Australians are of British or Irish ancestry as the country was the British colony.

7.The capital of Australia is Canberra.

8. The Australian federation was formed from French colonies.

9. The Australian constitution combines the traditions of British parliamentary monarchy with important elements of the US federal system.

10. Australia is the world’s largest wool producer and one of the world’s largest wheat exporters.

 

 

Вариант 5

1. Изучите темы : активный залог- формы

Simple , Continuous , Perfect ( Present , Past , Future ); пассивный залог- формы Simple ( Present , Past , Future ).

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. The music ... by Beethoven.

a) was composed

b) composed

c) composes

2. Many tasty things ... by mother for our party.

a) made

b) will be made

c) makes

3. ... you ever ... to London?

a) Have been

b) Had been

c) Will be

4. The student ... in the library from 3 till 5 yesterday.

a) was working

b) is working

c) woked

5. After she ... the problem thoroughly she wrote a very good article.

a) has studied

b) studied

c) had studied

 

2.Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола – Participle I, Participle II.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. It was an old woman ... glasses.

a) worn

b) wearing

2. He shook his head as though ... in wonder and admiration.

a) lost

b) loosing

3. If ... tonight the telegram will be delivered early in the morning.

a) sending

b) sent

4. ... an orphan at six , he was brought up by a distant relative.

a) Being

b) Been

5. ... by appearances he looked like a man whose life was hard and full of sorrows.

a) Judging

b) Judged

3. Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. The rain had stopped, so we ... take umbrellas.

a) didn’t have to

b) could

c) might

2.”Well, you ... write this exercise at home “, said the teacher.

a) can

b) are to

c) had to

3. I’m sorry I couldn’t come yesterday. I ... work late .

a) must

b) had tо

c) might

4. They ... take every Friday off last year.

a) were allowed to

b) could

c) will be able to

5.... I have your pen for a moment?

a) Might

b) Must

c) May

4.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

 

New Zealand is situated in the southwest Pacific Ocean on two large islands: the North Island and the South Island. Its total area is 268,112 sq. km.

The South Island is significantly more mountainous than the North Island. New Zealand has a temperate, moist ocean climate without marked seasonal variations in temperature or rainfall.

The total population is more than 3.3 mln people with the average population density of about 12 persons per sq. km. About 85% of the population are classified as Europeans. Most of them are of British descend. New Zealand is the member of British Commonwealth. English is the universal language.

The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. Like the United Kingdom New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. Officially the head of the state is the British Queen (or the King) whose representative, the governor – general, is appointed for a five – year term. The government of New Zealand is democratic and modeled on that of the United Kingdom.

 

5.Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 

1.New Zealand is situated in the southwest Pacific Ocean on two large islands: the North Island and the South Island.

2.Its total area is 889,121 sq. km.

3.The South Island is significantly more mountainous than the North Island.

4. New Zealand has a temperate , moist ocean climate without marked seasonal variations in temperature or rainfall.

5. The total population is more than 5.3 mln people.

6. Most of the population are classified as Europeans.

7.New Zealand is the member of British Commonwealth.

8. German is the universal language.

9. The capital of New Zealand is Wellington.

10. Officially the head of the state is the British Queen (or the King) whose representative ,the governor-general, is appointed for a five-year term.

 

 

 





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