-(3434)-(809)-(7483)-(1457) -(14632) -(1363)-(913)-(1438)-(451)-(1065)-(47672) -(912)-(14524) -(4268)-(17799)-(1338)-(13644)-(11121)-(55)-(373)-(8427)-(374)-(1642)-(23702)-(16968)-(1700)-(12668)-(24684)-(15423)-(506)-(11852) -(3308)-(5571)-(1312)-(7869)-(5454)-(1369)-(2801)-(97182)-(8706)-(18388)-(3217)-(10668) -(299)-(6455)-(42831)-(4793)-(5050)-(2929)-(1568)-(3942)-(17015)-(26596)-(22929)-(12095)-(9961)-(8441)-(4623)-(12629)-(1492) -(1748)

The Bolshoi Theatre




Covent Garden






1. Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822 1885); Lieutenant General of the United States and eighteenth President of the United States of America.

During the Civil War Grant had won great victories over the Southerners in many battles. In 1864 Grant was placed in Supreme command of all the Union forces, had brought the struggle to an end and was universally regarded as the saviour of the Union.


1. When did President Andrew Johnson ask for M. Stantons immediate resignation?

2. What did the Congress charge the President with?

3. Who was the Chief Prosecutor for the House?

4. Did the Chief Justice administer oath ... to do impartial justice to each Senator?

5. Telling evidence in the Presidents favour was excluded, wasnt it?

6. Was Rosss vote needed to obtain the 36 votes or the 42 votes necessary to convict the President?


1. , , Present Perfect, Past Perfect Future Perfect

1. They often (remind) me about that event. 2. If you dont call your friend now, you (forget) it by next week. 3. We were greatly surprised why he (not to keep) his promise to ring us up. 4. I was sure that I (see) the man before. 5. He (make) that same mistake several times. 6. It was clear that he (give) us the wrong address. 7. A year from now he (take) his medical examinations and (begin) to practise. 8. We (learn) many new words in this course.


2. can, may, must.

1. When you come to your lessons? I . Come to my lessons at eight oclock. 2. You not go away now, you stay here till six oclock. 3. I take your pen? Yes, you .4. Nick knows English well enough. He translate these letters. 5. I translate this text, it is too difficult. 6. I come into the room? No, you . 7. All the pupils come to school in time. 8. you read this word? Yes, I , it is easy. 9. Who bring me this book? I . prepare a report on this book. 10. I go to the library today, I have no time. 11. They read this book themselves, it is easy. 12. Mary . (not) get up very early this month.



3. , one (ones), that (those)

1. This dictionary is very large, show me a smaller one. 2. One should be very attentive when taking notes of the lecture. 3. I like the taste of apples much more than that of oranges. 4. One should be very careful when crossing the street. 5. The remark that he made was of no importance. 6. The properties of gold are different from those of iron. 7. The problems of water supply in this town are as important as those of lighting. 8. The climate in Great Britain is more like that in Central Europe. 9. He has given me one of his books. 10. Those texts are too long, we need shorter ones.


4. . , . .

1. You wont master your English unless you work hard. 2. While you are having dinner Ill be reading the newspaper. 3. If I am free tomorrow I shall visit you. 4. If the eggs become too war, the chicks will not hatch. 5. Ill have finished the letter by the time you come back. 6. Tommy lay until he did not feel the pain any longer. 7. When the cat is away, the mice will play. 8. If we start off now, well reach the railway station in time. 9. When he has finished his work, hell go for a walk.

10. We can go camping with you provided we bring our own equipment. 11. Larry wont go there unless Mark is invited. 12. When there is life, there is hope.



5. :

land transport; traffic speed; railway bridge; London underground; household; wheel invention; analogue computers; the City Council; a watch pocket; a pocket watch; contract labour; volunteer army; trademark article; road crossing; Civil Rights Congress; a thirty-page booklet


6. -s, s of.

1. the room/ the flat 2. the mother/Nick 3. the tail/the cat 4. the bottom/the page 5. the name/this town 6. the name/her husband 7. the article/today 8. the children/Pete and Mary 9. the meeting/tomorrow 10. the policy/the government 11. the house/Jims parents 12. the new cinema/the city 13. the results/ the examinations 14. the population/the world 15. the programme/ this evening


7. It is that.

1. The women exchange news in the shop. 2. The men meet in the pubs. 3. The dance took place on Sunday evening. 4. They like him because his sermons are short. 5. The boys go to the stadiums. 6. My sister brought me the telegram. 7. Billy goes to that school. 8. I locked the front door. 9. He always arrives on time.


8.e , .

1. To understand all is to forgive all. 2. I had nothing to worry about. 3. We stopped to see what it was. 4. Love?! Its a funny word to use. 5. The woman had nobody to talk to. 6. It was a mistake to deny it. 7. To find him still at home was a relief. 8. They continued to whisper. 9. There is always a question or two to be considered. 10. I came here to study English.



1. , .



In the middle of the great fruit, flower and vegetable market of Covent Garden about the last situation in which one would expect to find it, in any other city but London stands the Royal Opera House, one of the most celebrated and beautiful opera houses in Europe. Covent Garden used to be a fashionable promenade it was, before then, a convent garden but when it became overrun with flower-sellers, orange-vendors and vegetable-growers, the fashionables moved to more exclusive surroundings farther west, such as St. James Square. But the theatre stood its ground.

For generations past greatest names in opera have sung at Covent Garden, and the Royal Opera House, with its grand staircase, its chandeliers and its exquisite red and gold auditorium, remains a treasured architectural period-piece.

The graceful Opera House, as we see it today, was opened more than a hundred years ago in 1858.


Yet two of its predecessors stood on the same site before.

The first Covent Garden theatre was built in 1732.

It was burnt down in 1808 and rebuilt exactly a year after, more beautiful than before. It opened in September 1809, with Shakespeares Macbeth. Since the middle of the last century Covent Garden became exclusively devoted to opera.

In 1856 a fire broke out during a masked ball, and in a few hours the whole building was devastated. It was rebuilt by 1858.


And today, as we look at the graceful old Opera House, memories of the past hundred years seem to come to life.

Adelina Patti who sang here in 1861, Gounod who came here to see Faust, the great Russian Shaliapin.

Covent Garden is the home not only of opera but of the world-renowned Royal Ballet.

Now Covent Garden is busier than ever, it is one of the few well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it employs over 600 people both of the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.


1. Is Covent Garden one of the most celebrated and beautiful opera houses in Europe?

2. Why did the fashionables move to more exclusive surroundings farther west, such as St. James


3. But the theatre stood its ground, didnt it?

4. Was the graceful Opera House opened in 1858 or in 1758?

5. What broke out during a masked ball in1856?

6. How many people do both of the Opera company and the Royal Ballet employ?


1. , , Present Perfect, Past Perfect Future Perfect

1. I (hear) that story before. 2. Polly is afraid that her husband (lose) her car keys. 3. She never (see) this film. 4. The teacher corrected the exercises which we (write). 5. We knew that he (be) there several times. 6. She said she (look) everywhere for the magazine. 7. I am sure they (complete) the new underground station by summer. 8. Sally says that before she leaves she (do) every sights in Kiev.


2. :

text revision; arch bridge; speed ca; University Art Department; district music school; railway bridge construction; high quality concrete; scientific weather observations; anti-corrupt practices laws; long-term growth program; tax bill; freight car; coal export


3. -.

1. Ive grown used to my old bookcase, I dont want a new one. 2. Goodbye, Mrs. Wood. Well see you when we come back in three weeks time. - I expect I shall be seeing you sooner than that. 3. The whole back garden needs digging, but I will have no time. Thats all right, Dad, I will see to that. 4. My aunt has always green hand towels. But the ones shes using now are wearing rather thin, and I dont think she has any new ones. 5. Why did you take a taxi? - I had to take one, I was late. 6. The climate in Great Britain is more like that in Central Europe. 7. He hasnt got a TV-set, he wants to buy one. 8. Those texts are too long, we need shorter ones. 9. The year on the Earth is twice as short as that of on Mars. 10. This article is much more difficult than the one we translated yesterday. 11. The problems of water supply in this town are as important as those of lighting.


4. must may , .

1. John be still here. Here is his coat. 2. John still come. He have been detained at the office. He sometimes is. 3. What a smell! The milk have boiled over again. 4. You think Im made of money. I gave you thirty dollars on Monday, didnt I? 5. One never knows with her, she feel offended if you dont ask her advice. 6. I tell you I left the keys right here. I always do. Somebody have taken them. 7. She not know about it. She have been out when they phoned. 8. Nothing but a few charred stones remained after the fire. The heat have been terrific. 9. It be later than we thought the metro isnt running any longer. 10. Theres just a chance if we hurry. We catch the 8:15 train. 11. Dont worry, darling. Things turn out better than you think. 12. After all its his job. He know what he is thinking about


5. . .


1. He told us he was ill. 2. Ill ask him to find out where they live. 3. They laughed at what Anne said. 4. Im surprised by what you have told me. 5. Marie Curie showed that a woman can be as good as a scientist as a man can be. 6. The coaches taught the contestants how they should walk, sit and even apply make-up. 7. The secretary identified which reports treated new issues as well as old ones. 8. I saw he was displeased. 9. I didnt know that he was writing a novel. 10. The newspapers say that his company is in trouble. 11. I dont know who your tutor is. 12. He told me how he had done it.


6. of .

1. the room of my friend 2. the question of my children 3. the watch of my friend Nick 4. the table of our teacher 5. the voice of this girl 6. the new club of the students 7. the letter of Louise 8. the story of today 9. the toys of children 10. the house of my father-in-law 11. the husbands of Catherine and Sally 12. the dresses of the women 13. the sister of Charles ( ) 14. the wives of Henry the Eighth 15. the helicopter of Prince of Wales 16. the choice of the people 17. the father of Peter and Mary



7. , the more the better.

1. hot it is, miserable I feel. 2. high we flew, bad Edna felt. 3. big they are, hard they fall. 4. soon you take your medicine, well you will feel. 5. much you study, smart you will become. 7. fast he rowed the boat, far away he got. 8. long I think of this proposal little I like it. 9. soon this is done, good. 10. old he grew cautious he became. 11. long I listen to you little I understand your reasons.



8. , , .

1. Mike and Mary kept on (argue). 2. I enjoy (study) with Miss Smith. 3. His hobby is (dive). 4. They have finished (paint) our apartment at last. 5. Mr. Smith stopped (go) to his English class. 6. We are considering (buy) an automobile. 7. My son doesnt want (be looked) after. 8. Do you mind (wait) a few minutes in the hall? 9. My little brother enjoys (listen) to the radio. 10. You shouldnt risk (go) out if you have a cold. 11. We shall appreciate (receive) an answer immediately. 12. She insisted on (help) me with the report. 13. (breed cattle) is an important branch of agriculture. 14. Jamess (hand write) is very careless.



¨ 2


1. , .


The majestic building of the Bolshoi Theatre stands in Theatre Square in Moscows central quarter, not far from the Kremlin. This is the leading Russian opera house with the best vocalists and choreographers in its company,


The Bolshoi traces its history to 1776 when a standing opera company was organized in Moscow.


On September 7, 1842, M.I. Glinkas opera Life for the Tsar (Ivan Susanin), the corner-stone of Russian classical opera music, was for the first time shown at the Bolshoi. At later times operas by Dargomyzhsky, Serov, Tchaikovsky, Borodin, Moussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Rubinstein were produced here.


At the same time the Bolshoi company staged the best operas and ballets by West European composers Mozart, Rossini, Weber, Verdi, Gounod, Bizet, Wagner, Delibes, to mention a few.


The artistry of the Bolshoi company grew in their work on the chef-dœuvres of world art, and their glorious traditions were vividly reflected in the art of the great Russian actors P. Khokhlov, L. Sobinov, A. Nezhdanova, N. Obukhova, F. Shaliapin.


After the October Revolution in 1917 the Bolshoi company continued to play a prominent place in the countrys life as the leading opera and ballet theatre.


Those were difficult times for the artists. In addition to new productions of classical operas many operas by composers of those times saw their first night at the Bolshoi. In 1936 the theatre produced I.Dzerzhinskys opera And Quiet Flows the Don, later the opera Battleship Potyomkin by O Chishko, Nikita Vershinin by D. Kabalevsky, The Decerbrists by Y. Shaporin, War and Peace and The Story of a Real Man by S. Prokofiev, and The Mother by T. Khrennikov, to mention a few.


June 14, 1927, is the day of the birth of the Soviet propaganda ballet the Red Poppy by R. Gliere, when it was produced at the Bolshoi. But the productions of ballets by Russian composers, such as The Flames of Paris and The Fountain of Bakhchisarai by B. Asafiev, Romeo and Juliet and Cinderella by S. Prokofiev were important landmarks in the history of world choreography.

Nowadays the Bolshoi ballet company enjoys well-deserved fame as the worlds finest. This is equally true of its brilliant realistic style of performance and the repertoire.


The fame of the Russian ballet is associated with a number of actors of the Bolshoi great masters of choreography. The names of Galina Ulanova, Maya Plisetskaya and many others are inscribed in golden letters in the history of ballet art. Many young talented dancers have come to the stage to continue the fame of the greatest artists.


Ballet lovers always eagerly look forward to new productions of the Bolshoi, every one of which is a veritable festival of musical art.


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