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The Scientific Prose Style. The Publicistic Style;




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The Publicistic Style;

Main peculiarities of the FS of the English language.

Familiar colloquial style (everyday speech style).

Literary colloquial style (literary speech style).

Publicist style.

Scientific-professional style.

Official business style.

Official business style is based on non-fiction written type of the language, the personal element is excluded. It is used in formal situations.

Scientific-professional style is based on non-fiction written type of the language, the personal aspect is minimal.

Publicistic style is based on non-fiction written type of the language, but it can widely include structures of written and oral types of speech.

Literary speech style is based on non-fiction written type of the language, but it can widely include structures of written and oral fiction types of speech. It is used in formal situations. The presence of the personal is possible.

Everyday speech style is based on non-fiction oral type of language. It is used in informal situations. The personal aspect dominates.

According to this classification, language functions and types of speech define the usage of styles. V. Vinogradov distinguishes such language functions as communicative, referential and conative. They are realized in everyday speech style (communicative function), scientific professional and official business styles (referential), literary speech and publicistic styles (conative) [9: 6].

The spheres of speech are those social speech situations in which there is communication. We may define two types of communication: oral and written [9: 69-92].

Therewere many attempts to define functional styles of the English language. The Russian linguist Yu. Screbnev has made an attempt to investigate and compare classifications of some linguistsin his"Basics of English Stylistics". He has made a discourse of main peculiarities of these classifications.

Russian linguist I. Galperin distinguished five styles:

1. The Belles-Lettres Style:

a) the language of poetry;

b) emotive prose;

c) the language of the drama.

a) the oratorial substyle (spoken variety);

b) the substyle of radio and TV commentary (spoken variaty);

c) the essay (moral, philosophical, literary);

d) journalistic articles (political, social, economic).

3. The Newspapers:

a) Brief News Items;

b) Headlines;

c) Advertisements and Announcements;

d) The Editorial.

5. The Style of Official Documents:

a) the language of business documents;

b) the language of legal documents;



c) the language of diplomacy;

d) the language of military documents.

Prof. Yu. Screbnev points out that the linguist I. Galperin excluded colloquial style as that having nothing in common with what he understood by stylistics. The validity of postulating belles-lettres style also calls for discussion because I. Galperin mentions not imaginative prose in general, but emotive prose [15: 168].

The linguist M. Kuznets distinguishes such functional styles:

A. Literary, or Bookish Style:

1. Publicistic Style;

2. Scientific (Technological)Style;

3. Official Documents:

B. Free (Colloquial) Style:

1. Literary Colloquial Style;

2. Familiar Colloquial Style.

In this classification both poetry and imaginative prose have been rejected.

I. Arnold singles out four styles:





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