:


-(3434)-(809)-(7483)-(1457) -(14632) -(1363)-(913)-(1438)-(451)-(1065)-(47672) -(912)-(14524) -(4268)-(17799)-(1338)-(13644)-(11121)-(55)-(373)-(8427)-(374)-(1642)-(23702)-(16968)-(1700)-(12668)-(24684)-(15423)-(506)-(11852) -(3308)-(5571)-(1312)-(7869)-(5454)-(1369)-(2801)-(97182)-(8706)-(18388)-(3217)-(10668) -(299)-(6455)-(42831)-(4793)-(5050)-(2929)-(1568)-(3942)-(17015)-(26596)-(22929)-(12095)-(9961)-(8441)-(4623)-(12629)-(1492) -(1748)

Buue ocouocm acoo acomuy. u cycoy a ma epau ycmp




Hap XV c. A볿 caoac acoa oapx. e p acoy caoepacy oooa a epoo o po. a, aaa epa ap, eac oa oo peeea a o aacepa opa 30 po (1455 1485 p.). ϳ ac ya ea ae c eoaa a. Ta o, y oa oco po acoy.

epe y ac Top, , ypc a acoy peco, cpaac a ypyae papco pac (ep). ccoy ocoapc A볿 ye pao apoc oap oc. p cepe eeac acocoya y cox aax po eo ee ocoapca. poo pecoo poa y cax c aca op, eco opyaac ypya. ϳyc po ooe cap, opoa pyyaa cya y papc ca ycx, xo xo o ao e (20 y poo pyy).

eoae opco paao c o , ae peoo cay e e caao c oo, o caoy ay. a cya coay Top, a o Cap ca oc pa aopapo. ep A볿 y epx V (e XV c.). oo caoe epx V y 1534 p. opa cocy Baao apaec ao po cypea (epxoeco), poooc cee ao aaco ep, op co ay a epox aa. peya peopa, ceo epxo V, epo aaca, oy c e, epe o opo. poec oopoya ce aca ox ee opaa o py ep. Cey ee a aaa oe opco oopy pecoy ypya糿.

Kopo oc ocepe cox pyax e cyoco, oe cepy epoo pc. A po epxoeco opo, a a ac epxa V, oaa opya ep epa.

Acoa oapx A볿 axaa epec opca. Te, o ac opo opoc aa eoao popoeoc, copa epaoay epay, oao epeca ypya糿, o poaac. opa ya ca opoca aa ee cee pe eoao pye cy ce pec, o acoo poopc y epo epcoo apoae aay. a Top e yo po oo, o aa ca pyyac aoo opo.

opo acoc oapx oeax epa ac aco a eaepe xapaep. e oc y epee caoo-pecaoo opay y apaey a ceoo caopya. B A볿 e yo oco ap쳿 poayeoo popaoo aapay. Ocpe ooe A볿 a o ac cpo ocaoy axcy aay o.



Acoa aa Top aao oy pyyaac a eoo oyoc. Kopoa ooa o aco ycx ee A볿.

epx V cyopo popac , xo cpoya po oo o epaa. o p aoo y poye c eoa co py. Cyx opao opo caa opoca paa, a eaoo o oap Top caa ay Tao pa. Boa caaac 20 oo, aca op-aep, op-cap a cao. Taa paa cpoyaa opoaa c ycx epax cex opa a oooro peae, cpy, poaa, aec, aa.

a ac pa Top apae pa co o ae. ϳc oapxa ao aaco (1534), pae e epox cao epe o oo a. Apxco a co, o aca aa op, epeopc a pocx opocx o. Ccx op opo paa ca. ep, o epya opa y pacax, cepeo opo caa a oo oo, oo c opa aay o.

1482 p. copeo cy apaeca, po oc oo paa a XV c. ϳ oo pc aa pa o, ca a acx cyax y poy op, a oo, oa opco ope.

pooya cya eccepc cy aaoo paa cy aepa.

ϳ Top A볿 caac oco epaoaa ccea ceoo caopya. Baa a cx aeaa po cy, epyaa Taa paa. Mpo cy paa x o, e, oox oce, oox oce, aa a -, opox aa. Hap XV c. po cy ay paa opo a c ep. x eep cec y ca, o o oa yo aea poy ycx ocaox oc paca.

Mpo cy poo oepe pocya -x pax o. Haca x poa a eepx cecx, e ca (oa XV c.) a ax cecx, o a e pox cy o apa (e yac pcx acae) a ea o.

ep, e (oec), oce po cy y ooo co, o aeeyaa oxopoy opocoo py pacax. oec y oya ao capoc ceo oo oce. cax y op cop ceay oepy o, a oa ya oxopo opo ca, ye a.

Ho acpao oe pa ya epoa apa. ocao oco a e paa oo pa poacoro opy: o o aaa pa a poo, a opye pa eoo .





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