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1. (accounting) the payment of an account, debt, bill, etc: We offer a discount for settlements in cash. 2. (stock exchange) the payment of debts on the stock exchange. 3. (industrial relations) an agreement between two parties involved in a dispute: Most union members are happy with the pay settlement. 4. (law) (a) the terms on which property or money is given to somebody: The family met to hear the settlement of the will. (b) the document relating to this: marriage settlement. (c) the money itself: receive a settlement of £20 000.
one of many portions into which a company’s capital is divided. The owners of shares become members or shareholders of the company, in which they can vote. They also have a right to part of its profit by payment of a dividend: He shares in British Gas.
a situation where there is enough of something: Trains are not running because of staff shortages.
1. a free trade association with a common currency and unrestricted movement of capital goods and people between countries: A single market leads to greater economic and monetary integration. 2. the Single Market a free trade association between members of the European Community: the creation of the European Single Market.
the buying and selling of goods, currency or securities that are available for immediate delivery: They run out of oil and had to buy on the spot market.
1. stocks a supply of raw materials or resources for sale or use: Grain stocks are high after this year’s harvest. 2. a quantity of goods for sake or distribution in a shop, warehouse, etc: The shop had its entire stock of televisions stolen.
1. (UK) a fixed-interest security issued by the government of local authority 2. (US) an ordinary share.
to keep a supply of something (in a shop, etc): We stock all sizes.
1. (manufacturing) an amount that is more than is needed: Farmers have produced a surplus of milk. 2. (accounting) the amount of income that is more than expenditure; profit: This surplus will improve the net value of the business.
a sum of money that a government takes from people’s incomes, company profits, the sale of goods, etc to be used for public spending: The government has increased the tax on cigarettes.
(of a government) to demand a sum of money from a particular source, eg people’s incomes, company profits, the sale of goods, etc to raise money for public spending: un
The government always taxes sales of alcohol.
the amount of a person’s income on which tax has to be paid: She has a taxable income of $50 000 per year.
an amount of money that a person is permitted to earn without paying tax on it: The level of personal tax allowances has been raised.
tax and price indexnoun
a measure of how more taxed income people have to earn in order to compensate for rising prices: According to the tax and price index, I need a wage rise of £1 500 to keep up with inflation.
the system of raising money for public spending: The government promises to cut taxation.
action that is taken in order to pay as little tax as legally possible, eg by making sure that all possible expenses are claimed: Accountants advise on tax avoidance.
a particular source and amount of money that is taxed, eg a person’s taxable income, a company’s profits or the sales of a particular item, eg tobacco: The government aims to broaden its tax base with the aim of shopping tax evasion.
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