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D. Think of your own sentences using the words and word combinations from Task C. Read your sentences to your group-mates





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B. Write down your own sentences using the English words from Task A.

My family

Lesson 1. My family.

Pre-reading

Task 1. Discuss the following questions with your group-mates:

1. What is a large/ small family for you? Was it the same in the past?

2. How many relatives do you have? How often do you see them?

3. Do you think all generations of the family should live together or separately?

Task 2. Read the text and say how the author of the text could answer the questions from Task 1:

Hello! My name is Tanya Ivanova. I am seventeen. I live in Tambov. I finished school number twenty two. My favourite subjects at school were Biology and Social Sciences. Now I study at the Institute of Psychology of Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin. I am a first-year-student. My future profession is psychologist. I want to understand people better and help them in difficult situations.

I have a large family. There are five people in it: my father, mother, two brothers and me. My father’s name is Andrey Victorovich. He is a physician. He works at a hospital. He is very calm and hard-working. My mother’s name is Ludmila Michailovna. She is a teacher of music at school. She is very communicative and open-hearted.

My elder brother’s name is Aleksey. He is twenty-three. He is a lawyer. He has his own family and lives separately. He is very strong because he goes in for weight-lifting. His wife is Elena, she is my sister-in-law. She is twenty years old and she is a graduate student at Economy department of our University. They have a daughter, a two-year-old girl Irina who is my niece.

My younger brother is a school-boy. His name is Oleg. He is ten. He is a bit naughty sometimes but on the whole he is easy-going and clever. He wishes to be a photographer and travel around the world.

There is one more member of our family. It is a cat Boris. We like him very much.

Our family is very friendly. We have a lot of friends and relatives. I love my family very much.



Vocabulary

Task 3. A. Pick out English equivalents for the Russian words and phrases:

1) учиться; 2) студент(ка) первого курса; 3) психолог; 4) врач; 5) общительный; 6) младший; 7) путешествовать.

C. Give Russian equivalents for the following English words and word combinations from the text:

1) to live; 2) to finish school; 3) subject; 4) calm; 5) hard-working; 6) elder; 7) to live separately; 8) niece; 9) easy-going; 10) relatives.

Task 4. In the table match the synonyms (the words with similar meaning). Consult the dictionary if necessary:

1. large a. smart, intelligent
2. physician b. freshman
3. communicative c. big
4. clever d. sophomore
5. to love e. to like
6. first-year-student f. junior
7. second-year-student g. doctor
8. third-year-student h. graduate student
9. fourth-year-student i. easy-going, sociable, good-mixer
10. fifth-year-student j. senior

Task 5. Find antonyms to the following words in the text. Antonyms are the words with the opposite meaning:

1) to start; 2) easy; 3) small; 4) nervous, naughty; 5) lazy; 6) younger; 7) weak.

Task 6. A. Read the definitions and guess the words:

1) A person who understands people’s characters.

2) My mother’s son to me.

3) A person who treats diseases with medicines.

4) My sister’s daughter to me.

5) My mother’s mother.

6) My father’s sister.

7) A person who trains pupils at school.

8) The science of numbers, including Algebra, Geometry and Arithmetic.

9) My sister’s husband.

10) The study of events in the past.

B. Define the following words in English:

1) my sister; 2) hard-working; 3) lawyer; 4) nephew; 5) grandfather; 6) uncle; 7) mother-in-law; 8) psychology; 9) Economy.

Grammar

Task 7. A. Find the sentences with numerals (числительные) in the text. Translate them into Russian. Explain English rules of numerals formation. Look through the table and check yourself:

1 – one 11 – eleven 10 – ten 21 – twenty-one
2 – two 12 – twelve 20 – twenty 22 – twenty-two
3 – three 13 – thirteen 30 – thirty 23 – twenty-three
4 – four 14 – fourteen 40 – forty 24 – twenty-four
5 – five 15 – fifteen 50 – fifty 25 – twenty-five
6 – six 16 – sixteen 60 – sixty 26 – twenty-six
7 – seven 17 – seventeen 70 – seventy 27 – twenty-seven
8 – eight 18 – eighteen 80 – eighty 28 – twenty-eight
9 – nine 19 – nineteen 90 – ninety 29 – twenty-nine
10 – ten 20 – twenty 100 – one hundred  

See also Lesson 13.

B. Do you remember that numerals can be cardinal (количественные) and ordinal (порядковые)?

Continue: one – the first, two – the second, three -…, four - …, five - …, six - …, seven -…, eight - …, nine - …, ten -…, …

Task 8. Read the sentences:

a) 1. Ten plus eleven equals twenty-one. 2. Thirty-four plus sixty-two equals ninety-six. 3. Eighty-three minus sixteen equals sixty-seven. 4. Forty-one minus five is thirty six.

b) 1) 12+20=32; 2) 14+35=49; 3) 25+64=…? 4) 68+31=…? 5) 100-31=69; 6) 98-13=85; 7) 74-63=…? 8) 57-12=…?

c) 1) Ann is 21. 2) My elder brother is 29. 3) Jack Smith is 18 years old. 4) At the age of 17 he entered University. 5) When he was 9 he went to Spain. 6) I will graduate from the University at 21. 7) He wrote his most famous novel when he was 68. 8) At 16 you can receive your driving license. 9) You can be elected a president if you are 35.

Task 9. Find the sentences with “there is/there are” constructions in the text. Translate them into Russian. Which of them are singular and which are plural? Explain their usage and meaning in the English language. Check yourself looking through the table:

Использование Употребляется для выражения наличия или отсутствия какого-либо лица или предмета в определенном месте
Перевод Имеется, находится, есть, существует
Формула There is/ there are + subject + adverbial modifier of place/ adverbial modifier of time
Утвердительная форма There is a book on the table. There arebooks on the table. There is a lamp and three books on the table.
Отрицательная форма There is no book on the table. There isn’t a book on the table. There are no books on the table. There aren’t any books on the table.
Вопросительная форма Is there a book on the table? Are there books on the table? What is there on the table? Is there a book or a magazine on the table? There is a book on the table, isn’t it?

Task 10. Tick the right sentences with the construction “there is/ there are”:



1. There are many children in the garden.

Many children there are in the garden.

2. There is pen on the table.

There is a pen on the table.

3. There is a boy and two girls in the room.

There are a boy and two girls in the room.

4. Is there a book on the shelf?

Are there a book on the shelf?

5. There is no a lamp in the room.

There is no lamp in the room.

Task 11. Make your own sentences with the construction “there is/ there are”.

Task 12. Find the sentences with the possessive case of nouns in the text. Translate them into Russian. Explain their use and rules of formation in the English language. Check yourself and look through the table:

Форму притяжательного падежа обычно имеют лишь одушевленные существительные, обозначающие живое существо, которому принадлежит какой-нибудь предмет, качество или признак. the child’stoy (игрушка ребенка) the girl’svoice (голос девочки) Cуществительное в единственном числе образует притяжательный падеж при помощи окончания s , перед которым стоит особый знак ‘, называемый «апостроф». Общий падеж Притяжательный падеж the boy (мальчик) the boy’s table (стол мальчика) Окончание притяжательного падежа читается как [s] после глухих согласных, [z] после звонких согласных и гласных и как [Iz] после s, ss, ch, tch, x: cat’s [kxts], man’s [mxnz], boy’s [bOIz], actress’s ['xktrIsIz], fox’s ['fOksIz]. Для существительных, образующих множественное число с помощью s , притяжательный падеж на письме обозначается только апострофом. При этом формы общего и притяжательного падежей звучат одинаково. the boys (мальчики) the boys’ tables (столы мальчиков) Те существительные, которые во множественном числе не имеют окончания s, образуют форму притяжательного падежа при помощи окончания s, перед которым стоит апостроф. the children (дети) the children’s books (книги детей)
The child’s toys – the children’s toys Игрушки ребенка – игрушки детей The boy’s books – the boys’ books Книги мальчика – книги мальчиков But: the wall of the room – стена этой комнаты

Task 13. Translate the sentences from English into Russian:

1. Elena is Aleksey’s wife.

2. Aleksey is Elena’s husband.

3. Irina is Aleksey’s daughter.

4. Oleg is Andrey Victorovich’s son.

5. Her brother’s name is Oleg.

6. Tanya’s family is large.

7. Tanya’s pet is a cat.

 

Task 14. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

  1. Любимые Танины школьные предметы – это биология и социальные науки.
  2. Ее отца зовут Андрей Викторович.
  3. Жене ее брата 20 лет.
  4. Танин младший брат учится в школе.
  5. Отец этих детей – врач.
  6. Брат моей подруги женат.

Task 15. Correct the sentences using possessive case where possible:

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