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Answer the following questions. 1 What is known as the Internet?

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  1. A The following words and word combinations appear in the text. Explain their meaning using a dictionary.
  2. A) DISCUSS THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS WITH A PARTNER
  3. A) READ THE TEXT AND FIND THE ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS FOR THE FOLLOWING WORDS
  4. A) READ THE TEXT AND FIND THE ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS FOR THE FOLLOWING WORDS
  5. Act as a teacher and introduce a listening activity with the following instructions. Read them and then fill in the blanks.
  6. Agree or disagree with the following comments. Explain why.
  7. Answer questions.
  8. Answer the following questions
  9. Answer the following questions
  10. Answer the following questions and do the given assignment.
  11. Answer the following questions based on what you have studied so far.



1 What is known as the Internet?

2 What networks all over the world are connected to the Internet with?

3 Whom users often pay a monthly fee?

4 What services are made available to users on the Internet?

5 What does e-mail allow users to do?

6 What do you need an e-mail address for?

7 What does an e-mail address consist of?

Unit 14

 

1 Words to know

 

1 browser, n браузер, программа просмотра Web  
2 download, v загружать, пересылать (по линии связи) , скачивать  
3 search engine, n поисковый механизм, поисковая машина, поисковая служба; поисковик  
4 title bar, n строка заголовка  
5 menu bar, n строка меню, полоска меню, линейка меню  
6 toolbar, n панель инструментальных средств  
7 address box, n поле адреса
8 link, n cсылка  
9 World Wide Web (the) всемирная паутина  
10 White Pages(the), n "Белые страницы" (Отдельный телефонный справочник или раздел в телефонной книге, где содержится полный алфавитный список абонентов, проживающих в данном населенном пункте, с номерами телефонов и адресами, за исключением непубликуемых номеров (unlisted numbers)  
11 website, n веб-сайт  
12 Website address, n адрес веб-сайта  
13 webpage, n Web -страница, веб-страница, веб-документ, Интернет-страница  
14 post, v 1 отправлять почтовое сообщение 2) вносить (например, изменения в файл) 3) сообщение (электронной почты)  
15 online, adj режим онлайн, режим прямого доступа (к ЭВМ или удаленному серверу в сети Интернет)  
16 grandfather, father, son method, n метод «дед/отец/сын» (порядок дублирования данных на магнитных лентах раз в месяц, раз в неделю и ежедневно)
17 graphics package, n пакет программ для машинной графики  
18 command button, n кнопка управления (элемент интерфейса, используемый для активизации некоторого события)  
19 to fetch, v выбирать, извлекать  
20 status bar, n строка текущего состояния  
21URL (Uniform Resource Locator), n унифицированный указатель (информационного) ресурса, URL -адрес

 

2 Read the text

Internet 2: the World Wide Web

The connection of networks throughout the world forms the Internet which provides a range of different services, such as email, newsgroups, and file transfer. One of the newest and most popular services on the Internet is the World Wide Web which is commonly referred to as the Web, or simply as WWW.



A web browser program provides a graphical user interface for the Internet allowing users to view linked documents called WebPages. When a user clicks on a WebPages link, or hyperlink, the browser fetches and displays the linked webpage. Linked WebPages may be stored on different servers in different parts of the world. A set of hyperlinked WebPages stored on the same web server is known as a website. Websites are available for an enormous range of topics, including news, sports, entertainment, education, and sale of goods.

Because there are so many websites on the Web, it is often difficult to find the information you are looking for. Special websites have been set up that use programs called search engines to search the Web for the information you need. Normally, you fill in a form on a search webpage to indicate what you are looking for and then click a search button to start the search engine. After searching the Web, it displays a webpage with hyperlinks to the websites that contain the information you are looking for. One of the most popular search engine websites is called Yahoo. When you find a webpage that you want to return to, you can store a hyperlink to the webpage in a bookmark or favorites area of the browser. (Note US spelling of favorites.) When you want to return to the webpage, you only need to click on the appropriate bookmark.

Each webpage has a unique web address sometimes known as a uniform resource locator (URL). Web addresses often start with http:// www, and each part of the web address is separated by a dot (.) or a slash (/). Http stands for hypertext transfer protocol, which is the standard way of communicating on the World Wide Web. A typical browser program has the following components:

 

Component Function
title bar display the title of the current webpage
menu bar provides access to drop-down menus of program features
toolbar provides button icons for using the most common browser features
status bar gives information about the current status of the program
address box displays the current webpage address

 

A typical browser toolbar has a variety of buttons including the following:

 

Button Icon Function
back displays the previous visited webpage
forward displays the next visited webpage
refresh refreshes the current webpage display
home goes to the first page set on the browser
search goes to a web search engine

3 Answer the following questions:

1 What services does the Internet provide?

2 What is the newest and the most popular service on the Internet?

3 What program provides a graphical user interface for the Internet ?

4 Does the browser allow users to view linked documents?

5 What is known as a website?

6 What is the function of a search engine?

7 What is known as a uniform resource locator (URL)?





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