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CHAPTER 13





USING WISH; USING IF

13-1 EXPRESSING WISHES ABOUT THE PRESENT/FUTURE

 

The true situation   Expressing a wishabout that situation   People often make wishes when they want reality to be different, to be exactly the opposite of the true situation. A noun clause usually follows wish.Special verb forms are used in the noun clause. When a speaker expresses a wish about a present situation, s/he uses a past verb form.
I don’t know how to a) I wish I knewhow to dance. dance.
I don’t have a bike. b) I wish I had a bike.
Ron has to work c) Ron wishes he didn’t have tonight. worktonight.
I can’t speak Chinese. d) I wish I could speak Chinese. I’m not home in bed. e) I wish I werehome in bed. It’s cold today. f) I wish it weren’t cold today. We aren’t in Hawaii. g) We wish we werein Hawaii.

 

Exercise 1:Use the given information to complete the sentences.

1. I don’t have a car. I wish I had a car.

2. Alice doesn’t have a car. Alice wishes she __________ .

3. I have a cold. I wish I __________________ .

4. I don’t know how to swim. I wish I __________________ .

5. I live in the dorm. I wish I __________________ .

6. I can’t speak French. I wish I __________________ .

7. It isn’t Saturday. I wish it __________________ .

8. I have to study for a test. I wish I ____________________ .

9. Bob has to get up at 6:00 a.m. Bob wishes he ______________ .

10. Mary isn’t here. I wish Mary ________________ .

 

Exercise 2:Study the examples and then complete the sentences.

1. I don’t have a car, but I wish I did.

2. I have to study tonight, but I wish I ____________________ .

3. I can’t speak Italian, but I wish I ______________________ .

4. I’m not tall, but I wish I _____________________________ .

5. I don’t know Mary Smith, but I wish I _________________ .

6. I can’t dance very well, but I wish I ____________________ .

7. I have to take a history course, but I wish I _______________ .



8. I’m not a good cook, but I wish I _______________________ .

9. Jack has to go to the Laundromat, but he wishes he __________ .

10. It’s too cold to go swimming today, but I wish it ____________ .

11. Sally can’t afford to take a vacation in Hawaii, but she wishes she _________ .

12. I have to clean my apartment, but I wish I ____________________ .

 

Exercise 3:Complete the following conversations.

1. A: Can you go to Jim’s party tonight?

B: No, I can’t, but I wish I could.

2. A: Are you a good musician?

B: No, __________ , but I wish _________________ .

3. A: Do you smoke?

B: Yes, ___________. but I wish _________________ .

4. A: Does your son know how to play a musical instrument?

B: No, ___________. but I wish ___________________.

5. A: Do you have to take the bus to work?

B: Yes, __________. but I wish _________________ .

6. A: Is Maria in your class?

B: No, ________, but I wish ______________ .

7. A: Do you understand what Professor Martin is taking about?

B: No, ___________ , but I wish ___________________ .

8. A: Do you know the people who live in the apartment next to yours?

B: No, ____________ , but I wish _________________ .

9. A: Is your roommate neat?

B: No, __________ , but I wish __________ .

10. A: Are the students always on time for class?

B: No, __________ , but I wish _____________ .

11. A: Do you have enough time to drink a cup of coffee between classes?

B: No, __________ , but I wish ___________________________ .

12. A: Can you come over to my house for dinner tomorrow night?

B: I’m sorry, but I ________ . I wish __________________ .

13. A: Is there a grocery store near your apartments?

B: No, ___________ , but I wish _______________ .

14. A: Is there a museum in this town?

B: No, _________ , but I wish _____________ .

 

 

13-2 EXPRESSSING WISHES ABOUT THE PAST

 

The true situation Making a wish about the Past   The past perfect is used after wishwhen people make wishes about a past time
I didn’t study for the test a) I wish I had studied for the test Jim didn’t finish his work b) Jim wishes he had finished his work I went to the meeting c) I wish I hadn’t gone to the meeting

 

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