In 2007, steel began being traded as a commodity in the London Metal Exchange.
_______________ Кан Виктория, Карпова Екатерина;
Баженова Вера, Кожечкина Екатерина
7. Environmental commodities (climate exchanges) – Урбах Ричард
In the last decade, a number of environmental commodities have been created. These include carbon offsets, Renewable Energy Certificates, and white certificates (energy efficiency credits).
The floor of the Chicago Board of Trade, a major commodities exchange in the United States.
Main article: Commodity market
A commodities exchange is an exchange where various commodities and derivatives products are traded. Most commodity markets across the world trade in agricultural products and other raw materials (like wheat, barley, sugar, maize, cotton, cocoa,coffee, milk products, pork bellies, oil, metals, etc.) and contracts based on them. These contracts can include spot prices,forwards, futures and options on futures. Other sophisticated products may include interest rates, environmental instruments,swaps, or ocean freight contracts.
Commodities exchanges usually trade futures contracts on commodities, such as trading contracts to receive something, say corn, in a certain month. A farmer raising corn can sell a future contract on his corn, which will not be harvested for several months, and guarantee the price he will be paid when he delivers; a breakfast cereal producer buys the contract now and guarantees the price will not go up when it is delivered. This protects the farmer from price drops and the buyer from price rises.
Speculators and investors also buy and sell the futures contracts in attempt to make a profit and provide liquidity to the system. However, due to the leverage provided by the exchange to traders those participating in commodity futures trading face substantial amounts of speculative risk.
· 1 Commodities exchanges across the world
o 1.1 Africa
o 1.2 Americas
o 1.3 Asia
o 1.4 Europe
o 1.5 Oceania
· 2 See also
· 3 References
Commodities exchanges across the world
Main commodity exchanges worldwide:
Africa Mercantile Exchange
Agricultural,equities and energy products
Nairobi Coffee Exchange
Ethiopia Commodity Exchange
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Agricultural Commodity Exchange for Africa
Mercantile Exchange of Madagascar
Global Board of Trade
SAFEX (Johannesburg Securities exchange)
Sandton, South Africa
_________________________________________Абдуллаев Амир, Лебедев Александр
Futures & Options contracts in Precious Metals such as physically delivered Gold, Base Metals, Agriculture Commodities, Energy such as WTI and Brent denominated in Euro, Currencies such as Euro-US Dollar Contract, Commodity Indices
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