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Make sure you know these words


Unit 2

Choose any of the following ideas (or propose your own), find information and write an essay (150-250 words).

Make a report about any plant or animal, giving its classification.

- St. Augustine and his ideas about classification.

- The contribution of Carolus Linneus to science.

- Prokaryotes and eukaryotes in evolutionary process.




Тема урока: Bacteria текст 1 Bacteria текст 2 Bacteria electrifying modern life текст 3 How Bacteria Become Drug Resistant текст 4 Бактерии


1. iron n. a strong, hard magnetic silvery-grey metal, the chemical element of atomic number 26, much used as a material for construction and manufacturing, especially in the form of steel.
2. average adj. having qualities that are typical of most people or things
3. surface n. the top layer of an area of water or land
4. simplicity n. the quality of being simple and not complicated, especially when this is attractive or useful
5. fascinating adj. extremely interesting
6. starch n. a substance which provides your body with energy and is found in foods such as grain, rice, and potatoes, or a food that contains this substance, carbohydrate
7. sulfur n. a common light yellow chemical substance that burns with a very strong unpleasant smell, and is used in drugs, explosives, and industry (it is a chemical element: symbol S)
8. withstand v. to remain undamaged or unaffected by, to resist
9. blast n. an explosion, or the very strong movement of air that it causes
10. eventually adv. after a long time, or after a lot of things have happened
11. rod n. a long thin pole used with a line and hook for catching fish, fishing rod
12. stick n. a long thin piece of wood, plastic etc that you use for a particular purpose
13. helical adj. having the shape or form of a helix, spiral
14. chain n. people or things which are connected or next to each other forming a line
15. square n. a shape with four straight equal sides with 90º angles at the corners
16. vent n. the opening of a volcano, through which lava and other materials are emitted
17. whip n. a long thin piece of rope or leather with a handle, that you hit animals with to make them move or that you hit someone with to punish them
18. propel v. to move, drive, or push something forward
19. tumble v. to fall down quickly and suddenly, especially with a rolling movement
20. slime n. a thick, wet substance which covers a surface or comes from the bodies of animals such as snails
21. slug n. a tough-skinned terrestrial mollusk which typically lacks a shell and secretes a film of mucus for protection


1. mitochondria (pl. mitochondria)  
2. bacillus ( pl. bacilli )  
3. coccus (pl. cocci )  
4. Borrelia  
5. bacterium (pl. bacteria )  



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Light from Life | Match the beginnings and the endings of the sentences

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