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Make sure you know these words. Choose any of the following ideas (or propose your own), find information and write an essay (150-250 words)


Unit 3

Choose any of the following ideas (or propose your own), find information and write an essay (150-250 words).

Make a report about any bacterium you find interesting and unusual. Write a plan first and do not forget to mention

Speaking and writing



feeding habits

way of reproduction of these bacteria.


The origin of bacteria

Harmful bacteria

Useful bacteria

Extraordinary abilities of bacteria.




Тема урока Amphibia текст 1Class Amphibia текст 2 Some facts about amphibian behaviour текст 3Red-Eyed Tree Frog текст 4Красноглазые квакши текст 5 Класс Амфибии текст 6 Амфибии и глобальное потепление


1. dweller n. a person or animal that lives in a particular place
2. gland n. an organ in the human or animal body which secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings
3. distinction n. a clear difference or separation between two similar things
4. drought n. a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water for plants and animals to live
5. ailment n. an illness that is not very serious
6. exceed v. to be greater in number or size than (a quantity, number, or other measurable thing)
7. stout adj. strong and thick
8. existence n. the fact or state of living or having objective reality
9. wart n. a small hard raised part on someone's skin
10. exploit n. a brave and exciting adventure that someone has had v. to use something fully and effectively
11. extant adj. still existing in spite of being very old
12. fore (limb) n. an arm or leg of a person or four-legged animal, or a bird's wing
13. hatch v. if an egg hatches, or if it is hatched, it breaks, letting the young bird, insect etc come out
14. hind (limb) adj. an animal's hind legs are at the back of its body.
15. hop v. to move by jumping on one foot
16. horny adj. something that is horny is hard, strong, and made of horn or of a hard substance like horn.
17. irritate v. to make someone feel annoyed or impatient, especially by doing something many times or for a long period of time
18. avoid v. to stay away from someone or something, or not use something
19. newt n. a small slender-bodied amphibian with lungs and a well-developed tail, typically spending its adult life on land and returning to water to breed
20. parotid adj. relating to, situated near, or affecting a parotid gland
21. poison n. poison is a substance that harms or kills people or animals if they swallow it or absorb it v. to make land, rivers, air etc dirty and dangerous, especially by the use of harmful chemicals
22. prey n. an animal, bird etc that is hunted and eaten by another animal, predator
23. distinguish v. to recognize and understand the difference between two or more things or people, differentiate
24. require v. to need for a particular purpose; depend on for success or survival
25. rough adj. having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level
26. squat adj. short and thick or low and wide, especially in a way which is not attractive
27. tail n. the part that sticks out at the back of an animal's body, and that it can move
28. burrow v. (of an animal) make a hole or tunnel, esp. to use as a dwelling
29. eject v. to force or throw something out, typically in a violent or sudden way
30. leap v. to jump high into the air or to jump in order to land in a different place
31. thaw out v. if ice or snow thaws, or if the sun thaws it, it turns into water
32. toad n. a tailless amphibian with a short stout body and short legs, typically having dry warty skin that can exude poison
33. tadpole n. a small creature that has a long tail, lives in water, and grows into a frog or toad
34. spawn v. if a fish or frog spawns, it produces eggs in large quantities at the same time
35. venom n. poisonous fluid secreted by animals such as snakes and scorpions and typically injected into prey or aggressors by biting or stinging
36. webbed (limb) n. webbed feet or toes have a piece of skin between the toes (water birds such as ducks have webbed feet)




1. Amphibia  
2. arthropod  
3. Anura  
6. terrestrial  
8. mucous  


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Бактерии | Rewrite these scrambled sentences putting the words in the right order

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