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Make sentences from the following words, using Past Simple and Past Continuous Tenses


Translate the text, using Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Perfect Tenses.

Exercises

1. Complete the sentences with the verb in the correct form: Present Simple or Past Simple Tense.

LISTER, THE FOUNDER OF ANTISEPTIC SURGERY

Sir Joseph Lister (1827-1912) ….. (make) a notable contribution in the field of surgery. In 1867, while Lister ….. (be) a professor of surgery in the University of Glasgow, he ….. (begin) to experiment with the use of carbolic acid in the treatment of wounds. Prior to this time there was always great danger of gangrene after operation. In the beginning he ….. (apply) concentrated carbolic acid to the wound. Gangrene ….. ( not develop), but this method …..(be) exceedingly painful and often ….. (result) in large, ugly scars. What he ….. (do) to avoid these results? He ….. (saturate) silk gauze with the acid and ….. (apply) the gauze to the wound, a method that ….. (prove) far more successful. Lister next ….. (direct) attention to materials that he …… (use) when he ….. (stitch) wounds. Later he ….. (begin) to use catgut which he ….. (treat) with sulfur and chromium as the most reliable material. ….. he (do ) anything else? Yes, he ….. (do). In 1869 Lister ….. (turn) his attention to the destruction of harmful bacteria in the air. Before he ….. (perform) an operation he ….. ( spray) the atmosphere with a weak solution of carbolic acid. Then he …..( begin) to sterilize everything he used in the operation itself. His next step, therefore, ….. (be) to develop a technique for using antiseptics on the hands, dressings, sponges, bandages, and surgical instruments. And now modern medicine still ….. (use) Lister's antiseptic method in surgery.

Сто тридцать три года тому назад в водах Тихого океана, омывающих Галапагосские острова, которые находятся около экватора у Южно-американского континента, появился английский корабль "Бигль". Чарльз Дарвин, двадцатишестилетний натуралист находился на борту этого корабля. Его целью было изучение богатой фауны островов. Именно здесь, в этом заброшенном среди океана мирке, родилась у молодого ученого идея эволюции видов. Идею эту подсказал ему (как говорил сам Дарвин) вьюрок галапагосский. Дело в том, что вьюрки, обитающие на каждом из островов, отличались друг от друга. Имя этой птички с тех пор связано с важнейшей из биологических теорий.

 

1) when Paul / come / we / have coffee

2) I / walk home / when /it / start / to rain

3) While / he / travel / in the mountains / Henry / see / a Yeti

4) The students / play / a game / when / the professor / arrive

5) Cora / read / a letter / when / Jimmy / phone / her



6) When / the starter / fire / his pistol / the race / begin

 

Match halves of the sentences from А and В columns, using when and while.

A B
a) I was waiting at the bus-stop 1) I saw the left wing was on fire
b) We were flying over the sea 2) I found a purse of money
c) I was doing aerobics 3) She heard a noise downstairs
d) They were walking through the jungle 4) I twisted my ankle
e) He was having lunch with his boss 5)He broke her favorite vase
f) She was reading in bed 6)He split red wine over her white suit
g) He was washing up 7)Sue nearly stood on a snake

 

Complete the sentences with the verb in the correct form: Past Simple, Past Perfect Tenses.

AFTER THE ANTEATER

12) To capture a giant anteater ….. (be) one of my reasons for going to the Rupununi, for we ….. ( hear) that they were much easier to catch in the grassland than in the forests of Guiana.

13) So for three days after our arrival at Karanambo we ….. (do) nothing but talk and think about anteaters, until eventually McTurk ….. (promise) to see what he could do about the matter. One morning just after breakfast a short Amerindian ….. (materialize) in front of the house, in the silent way these people do. He ….. (have) a bronze, Mongolian-looking face, and his dark slit eyes ….. (be) saved from being crafty by the shy twinkle in them. He was dressed quite simply in the remains of a shirt and pants, and on his sleek black head was perched an absurd hat constructed out of what once used to be velvet. To anyone who ….. ( expect) a fierce warrior, clad in a vivid feather head-dress, he would have been a great disappointment. As it was, he ….. (have) an air of dour confidence about him, which I ….. (find) comforting.

14) "This is Francis", said McTurk. "I think he knows where you might find an anteater."

15) We could not have greeted him more delightedly if he …..( know) the whereabouts of a large reef of gold. And we ….. (discover) after some questioning that Francis DID know where an anteater was, having seen one some three days before, but whether it ….. (be) still there or not was another matter. McTurk …… (suggest) that Francis should go and see, and, if the creature was still hanging around, he would come and fetch us and we would have a try at catching it. Francis….. ( smile) shyly and ….. (agree) to the plan. He ….. (go) off and ….. (return) the next morning to say that he ….. (be) successful: He ….. (find) where the anteater was living, and was willing to lead us there next day.


 

 

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