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Insert the right preposition (at, for, against, above, from, into, on)




III. VOCABULARY STUDY

Make up the plan of the text to outline the general ideas.

2. Answer the questions to check your level of understanding the text:

a. What are the motives for seeking the definition of constitutional law?

b. What form of government was the best possible, according to Aristotle?

c. Whose works should we keep in mind speaking about development of constitutional law?

d. Why is this field of law broad and complex?

e. What two points of view of the constitution are mentioned in the text?

f. Why does a constitutional lawyer have to take into consideration the existing conventions and extralegal rules?

3. Translate into Ukrainian:

the boundaries of constitutional law, distinction between rules, political practice, classification of forms of governments, the notion of social contract, “the law of the jungle”, foundational laws of nation states, enforcement of new laws and regulations, application of the terms, subject to interpretation, the main formal document of the state.

4. Referring to the text define the meaning of the word combinations:

Legal provision

Legal system

1. Choose the word on the right that is associated with the word on the left:

Definition – term, exposition, custom

Constitution – work, document, tradition

Democracy – convention, custom, government

Provision – article, subject, influence

Enforcement – authority, court, regulation

Scholar – school, scientist, circumstances

2. Decide on the right answer choosing among the following words and putting them in the appropriate form: to constitute, constitution, constitutional, unconstitutional, constitutionally, constitutionality

The federation was … in 1949.

The UK is a… monarchy.

The right to speak freely is written in the … of the USA.

A decision on the proposal’s … still has to be made.

… oppressions were the reason for the international conflict.

He was … incapable of dealing with this matter.

3. State the part of speech for the following words and use them in the word combinations of your own:



Constitute, constitution, constitutional, unconstitutional, constitutionally, constitutionality.

8. Modern civil law systems derive …the legal practice of the Roman Empire.

9. Critics of the amendment base their position … the following points.

10. The book is divided … six sections.

11. Andrew is studying law … Harvard University.

12. Many ministers seem to regard themselves as … the law.

13. It's … the law to be drunk in public.

14. Most Americans rely … television as their chief source … information.

8. The new constitution provides … a 650-seat legislature

.4. Read and comment upon the definition of the constitution given below:

Constitutionis the fundamental, underlying document which establishes the government of a nation or state. The U.S. Constitution, originally

adopted in convention on September 17, 1787, ratified by the states

in 1788, and thereafter amended 27 times, is the prime example of

such a document. It is the basis for all decisions by the U.S.

Supreme Court (and federal and state courts) on constitutionality.

In 1803 the power of the Supreme Court to strike down federal statutes was firmly established. The Supreme Court is the final arbiter of

constitutional interpretation. The "equal rights" provision of the

14th Amendment established that the rights in the first ten

amendments ("Bill of Rights") applied to state governments.

Unfortunately, state constitutions have gathered tremendous amounts

of baggage of detail by amendment over the years, and it is more

difficult to "fine tune" state constitutions by further amendment

than it is to enact statutes (pass new laws). However, state courts

are bound by their state's constitution on fundamental issues. The

so-called English constitution is an unwritten body of legal customs

and rights developed by practice and court decisions from the 11th

to the 18th Century.

5. Put in the missing prepositions:

1. These provisions of the Constitution are not subject … amendment.

2. The main sources … English constitutional law are statutes and judicial precedents.

3. According … the Constitution, the Prime Minister carries … the domestic policy of the state.

4. The procedure … conducting elections of the President of Ukraine is established …law.

5. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine assembles … its first session no later than … the thirtieth day… the official announcement … the election results.

 

6. Read, translate, memorize these matching combinations and use them in examples of your own:

Constitutionally acceptable

eligible

proper

improper

 

Constitutional abuse

act

right

bound

 

Constitution of the country

of the court

7. Fill in the blanks using the prompts given below:

(has been suggested, can be used, defines, may influence)

The influence of constitutional differences upon the role of the judiciary in the application of law is the question of utter importance as it …, for example, the extent to which adjudication embodies policy as well as the permissible techniques which … in the interpretation of statutes.

Two constitutional factors the notion … of the judicial role and judicial interpretation. Firstly, the formal relationship between legislature and judiciary may be significantly different in different political systems. Secondly, there may be structural differences in the modes of operation of legislatures.

It … that these factors lie behind the differences of approach in different governmental systems, the one favouring a conservative, literal, even “wooden” approach to the interpretation of statutes, the other inclining towards more liberal, flexible attitudes.

8. Translate into English paying special attention to the terminology on the topic “Constitutional Law”:

Конституційне право (державне право) – це галузь права.

Конституційне право спирається на Конституцію як головний закон держави та основу поточного законодавства країни. Під Конституцією, що є головним джерелом системи права у державі, розуміється сукупність актів та конституційних звичаїв, які проголошують права та свободи людини та громадянина, визначають основи суспільного устрою, форму правління та територіального статусу, а також основи організації центральних та місцевих органів влади.

Конституційне право - це система правових норм, що закріплюють та регулюють групу суспільних відносин, а саме:

1. соціально-економічний, політичний та територіальний устрій держави;

2. забезпечення реалізації прав та свобод людини та громадянина;

3. систему державної влади;

4. систему внутрішнього самоврядування.

9. In the text find the sentences containing modal verbs. Pay attention to the usage of the modal verb must:

a. Obligation/Necessity:

Example: You must do you homework.

You must study hard.

b. Deduction:

Example: You must be cold.

You must hate getting up early.

c. Prohibition:

Example: You mustn’t smoke here.

You mustn’t tell anyone.

d. Recommendation:

Example: You must see this new film – it is fantastic!

You must read his new book.

Illustrate the usage of must in the form of four mini-dialogues.





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