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Part 2. Read and translate the text 2. Answer the questions





B. Fill in the blanks with the correct word.

A. Answer the questions.

Part 1 . Read and translate the text 1.

READING

 

 

WHY ARE MANAGERS IMPORTANT?

“A great boss can change your life, inspiring you to new heights both professionally and personally, and energizing you and your team to together overcome new challenges bigger than any one of you could tackle alone.” If you’ve had the opportunity to work with a manager like this, count yourself lucky. Such a manager can make a job a lot more enjoyable and productive. However, even managers who don’t live up to such lofty ideals and expectations are important to organizations. Let’s look at three reasons why.

The first reason managers are important is that organizations need their managerial skills and abilities more than ever in these uncertain, complex, and chaotic times. As organizations deal with today’s challenges — the worldwide economic climate, changing technology, everincreasing globalization, and so forth — managers play an important role in identifying critical issues and crafting responses.

Another reason managers are important to organizations is that they’re critical to getting things done. Manager is to ensure that all the employees are getting their jobs done so the organization can do what it’s in business to do. If work isn’t getting done or isn’t getting done as it should be, manager is also the one who must find out why and get things back on track.

Finally, managers do matter to organizations! The Gallup Organization has found that the single most important variable in employee productivity and loyalty isn’t pay or benefits or workplace environment; it’s the quality of the relationship between employees and their direct supervisors.

 

1 Are only great managers important to organisations?

2 What is the first reason managers are important to organisations?

3 What is the second reason managers are important to organisations?

4 What is the third reason managers are important to organisations?



 

 

1 With today’s challenges managers play an important role in identifying critical _________________ and crafting responses.

2 A great manager can make a job a lot more enjoyable and _________________.

3 The quality of the relationship between employees and their direct ______________ supervisors is the most important thing in employee productivity and loyalty.

WHO ARE MANAGERS?

Managers can be found doing managerial work in every country on the globe. In addition, some managers are top-level managers while others are first-line managers. And today, managers are just as likely to be women as they are men. However, the number of women in top-level manager positions remains low — only 27 women were CEOs of major U.S. corporations in 2010. But no matter where managers are found or what gender they are, the fact is … managers have exciting and challenging jobs!

It used to be fairly simple to define who managers were: They were the organizational members who told others what to do and how to do it. It was easy to differentiate managers from nonmanagerial employees. Now, it isn’t quite that simple. In many organizations, the changing nature of work has blurred the distinction between managers and nonmanagerial employees. Many traditional nonmanagerial jobs now include managerial activities.

So, how dowe define who managers are? A manageris someone who coordinates and oversees the work of other people so that organizational goals can be accomplished. A manager’s job is not about personalachievement—it’s about helping othersdo their work. That may mean coordinating the work of a departmental group, or it might mean supervising a single person. It could involve coordinating the work activities of a team with people from different departments or even people outside the organization, such as temporary employees or individuals who work for the organization’s suppliers.

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