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Answer questions





Oral Practice

Reading Practice

Language Material

UNIT i

Created by BATLUK O. G.

Incentive – стимул

procurement assistance - матеріально-технічна допомога

the gross national product - валовий національний продукт

to supply - снабжати

ownership - власність

retailing- роздрібна продаж

wholesaling - оптова продаж

manufacturingе - виробництво

total assets - сума балансу

net worth - вартість майна за мінусом зобов’язань, власний капітал

 

 

“HOW CAN YOU START A NEW FIRM?”

Today small businesses are the heart of the market economy. There are a great number and variety of small businesses. People become owners and operators of small business firms in one of three ways: start a new firm, buy a franchise, buy or inherit an existing firm.

Small firms have been established to do just about any kind of business imaginable. They have been established to manufacture and distribute goods, to sell them at retail, and, of course, to provide all kinds of needed services. Some serve only the local community, while others function in national and international markets.

The vast majority of small firms concentrate on selling material products, although an increasing number of firms provide a service. Although an increasing number operate in local markets, services, too, are exported. In recent years there has been a great increase in the export of services, such as management consulting, medical, and technological services.

The existence of a strong, healthy small business community has always been recognized as the best way to preserve competition, prevent monopolistic control of any industries, and thus assure the population of the benefits of competition through better prices and quality product. Incentives have been provided to assist small firms. The government of the US created the Small Business Administration (SBA) in1954 to provide financial, management, and procurement assistance for small firms.



There are some facts that illustrate the importance of small business. According to the Small Business Administration:

99% of all businesses in the US can be classified as small;

43% of the gross national product is contributed by small business;

while large business has been cutting back employment, small business has been creating new jobs;

many of new products and services in the US are created by small businesses.

 

 

1)How do people become owners and operators of small business firms?

2)What are the aims of establishing small firms?

3)What has always been recognized as the best way to preserve competition,prevent monopolistic control of any indastries?

4)What facts illustrate the importance of small business?

 

2. Which of the listed above statement are the true / false. Specify your answer using the text.

1. People become owners and operators of small business firms in one of five ways.

2. Small firms have been established only to sell goods at retail.

3. The existence of a strong healthy small business community has been recognized as the best way to preserve competition.

4. The major part of businesses in the USA is small.

5. The independent management of the firm is the most important characteristics of a small firm.

 

3 Match the following:

1. …of the firm is the most important.

2. Today small businesses are … of the market economy.

3. The area of operation is …

4. Any of new products and services are … small businesses.

a) mainly local;

b) the relative size;

c) created;

d) the heart

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