Студопедия

КАТЕГОРИИ:


Архитектура-(3434)Астрономия-(809)Биология-(7483)Биотехнологии-(1457)Военное дело-(14632)Высокие технологии-(1363)География-(913)Геология-(1438)Государство-(451)Демография-(1065)Дом-(47672)Журналистика и СМИ-(912)Изобретательство-(14524)Иностранные языки-(4268)Информатика-(17799)Искусство-(1338)История-(13644)Компьютеры-(11121)Косметика-(55)Кулинария-(373)Культура-(8427)Лингвистика-(374)Литература-(1642)Маркетинг-(23702)Математика-(16968)Машиностроение-(1700)Медицина-(12668)Менеджмент-(24684)Механика-(15423)Науковедение-(506)Образование-(11852)Охрана труда-(3308)Педагогика-(5571)Полиграфия-(1312)Политика-(7869)Право-(5454)Приборостроение-(1369)Программирование-(2801)Производство-(97182)Промышленность-(8706)Психология-(18388)Религия-(3217)Связь-(10668)Сельское хозяйство-(299)Социология-(6455)Спорт-(42831)Строительство-(4793)Торговля-(5050)Транспорт-(2929)Туризм-(1568)Физика-(3942)Философия-(17015)Финансы-(26596)Химия-(22929)Экология-(12095)Экономика-(9961)Электроника-(8441)Электротехника-(4623)Энергетика-(12629)Юриспруденция-(1492)Ядерная техника-(1748)

Affirmative Sentences





Доверь свою работу кандидату наук!
1500+ квалифицированных специалистов готовы вам помочь

Zero and First Conditionals

If/when-clauseandmain clause

WHEN and IF Clauses

 

Sentences with adverbial clauses of time (when) and condition (if) have two parts:

 

 

 

If you finish work early, we will go for a walk.

We will go to the cinema when you finish work.

v Note that we use a comma (,) when the if/when-clause comes before the main clause.

Adverbial clauses of timeshow the time of the action expressed in the main clause. They are introduced by the following conjunctions: when, while, whenever (коли б ні), as, till, until, as soon as, as long as, after, before.

Adverbial clauses of conditionstate the condition which is necessary for the realization of the action expressed in the main clause. They are introduced by the conjunctions if, unless (якщо ні), on condition that, as long as, in case.

 

 

The Zero Conditional is used to show that one action, result, etc. always follows another:

 

if/when-clause main clause
Present Simple Present Simple
If/When water freezes, it turns into ice.
When I travel by car, I’m always sick.

 

The First Conditionalis used to talk about events which are possible, real or very probable in the present or future:

 

if/when-clause main clause
Present Simple Future Simple
If you study hard, you will dowell in the test.
When I amin London again, I’ll phoneyou.

 

 

Note that we use when for things which are sure to happen, and we use if (not when) for things that will possibly happen:

If they don’t come soon, I won’t wait for them. (= it’s possible)

When I go shopping, I’ll buy some food. (= for sure)

 

v Other structures are also possible, depending on what we want to say:

if/when-clause   main clause
Present Simple to going to do(future)
If you don’t work, you are going to fail.
When I get home, I am goingto have dinner.
Present Simple modal verbs (can/may/should)
If you behave yourself, you may come.
When you getmoney, you can buy a new house.
Present Simple Imperative
If you need anything, ask.
When you have some free time, visit us.
Present Simple Present Simple(for future)
If thereareno problems, the ceremonystartsin time.
When the weather is clear, my flight arrivesat 7a.m.
Present Continuous Future Simple
If he is listening to me attentively, I willtellhim an interesting story.
When our father is sleeping, I’ll playcomputer games.
Present Perfect Future Simple
If I have promised, I will tryto do my best to be in time.
When (As soon as) I have finished, I’ll phoneyou.
Imperative and/or + Future Simple
Work hard, and you will dowell in the test.
Stop arguing, or I’ll punishyou.

(Questions)



1. General Questions. (Yes/No Questions)

To form questions we put the auxiliary or modal (can, be, will, have etc.) before the subject. We use do/does to form questions in Present Simple and did to form questions in Past Simple.

He is ready.>Is he ready?

She likes reading.>Does she like reading?

Ann went out yesterday. > Did Ann go out yesterday?

The word order in general questions:

the auxiliary or modal verb the subject and it’s attribute the main verb other parts of the sentence

 

Поможем в написании учебной работы
Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной, рефератом, отчетом по практике, научно-исследовательской и любой другой работой




Дата добавления: 2014-12-29; Просмотров: 776; Нарушение авторских прав?;


Нам важно ваше мнение! Был ли полезен опубликованный материал? Да | Нет



ПОИСК ПО САЙТУ:


Читайте также:
studopedia.su - Студопедия (2013 - 2022) год. Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав! Последнее добавление




Генерация страницы за: 0.013 сек.