:


-(3434)-(809)-(7483)-(1457) -(14632) -(1363)-(913)-(1438)-(451)-(1065)-(47672) -(912)-(14524) -(4268)-(17799)-(1338)-(13644)-(11121)-(55)-(373)-(8427)-(374)-(1642)-(23702)-(16968)-(1700)-(12668)-(24684)-(15423)-(506)-(11852) -(3308)-(5571)-(1312)-(7869)-(5454)-(1369)-(2801)-(97182)-(8706)-(18388)-(3217)-(10668) -(299)-(6455)-(42831)-(4793)-(5050)-(2929)-(1568)-(3942)-(17015)-(26596)-(22929)-(12095)-(9961)-(8441)-(4623)-(12629)-(1492) -(1748)

, ѭȭӭޭ ĭŭ ŭŭ


, IP- (Network Address Translation, NAT). NAT , ( ) . , () IP-. ( ), . : IP- , . . Internet .

NAT : , , IP- .

, (Port Address Translation, PAT), - IP-. (Internet) , , . . (UDP, TCP) IP-. NAT 64 000 TCP, 64 000 UDP 6 4000 ICMP ( ICMP , , ), , Novell BorderManager 5000 .

, Internet.

IP-, . IP- . IP- . , Internet.



IP- , , () IP-, IP-.

, , Internet.

(. ) NAT : , IP-. ftp, NAT ( ) IP- .

NAT , , IP-, IP-spoofing. , NAT , SYN-flooding, / . NAT IPX/IP, Internet , IPX/SPX. Internet IPX IP-. . , , , TCP/IP, . . , NAT, IPX/IP , NDS ( NetWare 4.x 5.x) BINDERY ( NetWare 3.x). , Internet, , NetWare TCP/IP.

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