:



!

-(3434)-(809)-(7483)-(1457) -(14632) -(1363)-(913)-(1438)-(451)-(1065)-(47672) -(912)-(14524) -(4268)-(17799)-(1338)-(13644)-(11121)-(55)-(373)-(8427)-(374)-(1642)-(23702)-(16968)-(1700)-(12668)-(24684)-(15423)-(506)-(11852) -(3308)-(5571)-(1312)-(7869)-(5454)-(1369)-(2801)-(97182)-(8706)-(18388)-(3217)-(10668) -(299)-(6455)-(42831)-(4793)-(5050)-(2929)-(1568)-(3942)-(17015)-(26596)-(22929)-(12095)-(9961)-(8441)-(4623)-(12629)-(1492) -(1748)

!


1.

2.

3.

4.

:

, , , . II .

12- , , , . .

1.

2.

3.

4.

:

12- , - .


1612 , Florian Mathies 9 .

1635 Daniel Schwabe ʸ .

1810 , D. Th. Merrem . .

1842 . . , .

1874 Gussebauer Q. Winiwarter, O. Czerny E. Th. Kocher 1878 , , , , .

1875 S. Johnes .

1879 J. E. Pean ( 2,5 5 ).

1880 J. Mikulicz , .

1881 Ch. A. Th. Billroth ( ) 44- , . 4 . 12- -I.



1881 5,5 . . .

1881 L. Rydygier () , . 7 1888 . . 15- . , Rydygier , , , .

1881 A. Wolfler , . : C. Nicoladoni, L. Courvoisie, V. R. Hacker, C. Lauenstein, M. Jaboulay, H. Braun, C. Roux.

1882 . . . 20-30- .

1882 . . 12- , .

1883 E. Th. Kocher .

1885 Ch. A. Th. Billroth . : , , , . , Billroth . . -II . : Kronlein, Moyniham, Finsterer, , .

1886 W. H. Heineke , .

1892 Heusner .

1896 . .

1897 Schlater . . . 1903 .

1899 C. R. B. Keetley -I .

1911 Exner . . , - , .

1920 H. Bircher (20 ).

1923 A. Latarjet P. Wertheimer , . , . 1925 . . . 20 .

1943 . L. R. Dragstedt 35- .

40 1948 R. Jackson , C. Franksson .



1952 P. Smithwick D. Farmer , Klein 1929 .

1964 F. Holle W. Hart (), .

1967 A. Johnson Wilkinson .

70 .

90 .


 

 
 

()

 
 

()

 
 

()

 

 


 

JOHNSON  
I II III
 
 

 
 

( )

 
 

 

       
   

       
   

Heineke-Mikulicz

Jaboulay
       
   
 

Finney

 

 
 

-I

 

 
 

2/3

 
 

-II

 

 
 

( )  

 


___________________________________________ 2

.____________ 3

._______________________________________________________ 4

._______________________________________________________ 4

.______________________ 6

._______________ 7

.______________ 8

._________________________ 14

. 14

.______________________________________________________ 14

C . 16

.__________________________________________ 18

._________________________________________ 19

.__________________________________ 20

.____________________________________________ 20

_______________________ 22

.______________________ 22

- .________ 22

._________ 23

_______________________________________ 24

._________________ 24

._____________________ 29

, .__________________________________________ 32

._________________________________ 33

____________________________________________________ 34

.___________________________________ 34

.________________________________ 34

_________________________________ 35

.________________________________ 36

.__________________________________ 39

( )________________________________________________________ 42

________________________________ 44

._____________________________ 44

._________________________________ 45

._____________________________________ 46

.__________________ 47

.____________________________ 49

.___________ 50

() . 51

.________________________________ 51

._________________________________________ 52

(- ). 52

._____________________________ 53

._____________ 54

________________________________________ 55

- .______________ 56

. 57

- .____________ 58

___________________________ 60

. 61

.__ 62

. 62

. 63

- .________ 64

.______________________________________________ 64

.____________________________________ 65

. 66

____________________________ 68

.___________________________________ 68

:_________________________________________ 69

.____________________________________________ 71

.__________________ 72

._____________________ 73

______________________________________ 75

.___________________________________ 75

( )._______ 77

.___________________ 81

._____________ 83

.______________________________ 85

_______________________________________ 87

.__________________________________________ 87

.________________________________ 88

(prolapsus recti)__________ 89

._______________ 90

. 91

____________________________________ 92

(, ) __________________________________________________ 93

93

______________ 94

95

, 96

____________ 97

98

_______________ 98

________________ 99

___________________ 99

________________ 99

99

- : 100

100

101

_ 101

_________________________________ 102

12- _____________________________________________________ 103

. 105

_______________________ 108

JOHNSON_______________ 109

_______ 109

110

 


 

<== | ==>
|

: 2014-01-04; : 391; ?; !


! ? |



:


:

:
studopedia.su - (2013 - 2021) . !
: 0.026 .