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Match the beginnings and endings of the sentences

Match a word in A to its definition in B. Write your own sentences with these words.

Give English equivalents to the following word combinations.

Working with word combinations and sentences

Choose the correct word to complete the sentences.

Give opposite meaning to the words from the box and insert them in the sentences of your own.

Word building.

noun verb adjective
  to apply  
  to be ready  
  to be able  


appear, familiar, vertebrate, dependent, important, to cover, natural, regular dis-, un-, in-, ir-


fins aquatic habitat flattened vary evolved existence gill  

Fishes have been in ......................... for more than 450,000,000 years, during which time they have ........................... to fit into almost every type of ..................... The popular conception of a fish as a slippery, streamlined aquatic animal that possesses fins and breathes by ................... supplies to many fishes, but far more fishes deviate from that conception than conform to it. For example, the body is elongate in many forms and greatly shortened in others; the body is .......................... in some (principally in bottom-dwelling fishes) and laterally compressed in many others; the ...................... may be elaborately extended, forming intricate shapes, they may be even lost; and the positions of the mouth, eyes, nostrils, and gill openings .............................. widely.


Пресная вода, многочисленные и многообразные виды, определенные черты, жаберные щели, паразитический образ жизни, хрящевые рыбы, костные рыбы, находящие друг на друга пластины, огромная важность, очевидная причина, запас продуктов, неисчерпаемый источник, изменение окружающей среды, личинка москита, заболевание, переносимое москитами, привыкнуть к неволе, держать рыбок, создавать трудности.


A   B  
obvious a something that needs a lot of energy or skill to deal with
to realize b able to change easily
flexible c begin to understand something
challenge d clear to understand
distinct e an important part or aspect of something
feature f to use or have smth at the same time as someone else
to share g separate and different



By far one of the most colorful and diverse groups of animals in the sea is A helping a fish to go unseen.
And although they may be beautiful to behold, B for the home aquarium.
Red colors appear black under water, C there is a real function behind each of these designs.
Stripes allow a fish D   to confuse a would-be predator.
Spotted patterns serve E deals with survival in its own way.
Each species of fish F when referring to many different species at once.
Most of these species are suitable G   that of the coral reef fishes.
It is perfectly acceptable to use the term "fishes" H to camouflage itself against the coral.


8. Look at the pictures. What adaptations do these fishes have? Why?



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Look at the picture and label parts of the fish | Answer these questions to Text 1

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