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Exercises 6. Составьте предложения с одним из слов в каждой категории

Exercises 4. Выберите правильную форму глагола из предложенных в скобках.

Exercises 3. В деловой речи и письме часто приходится пользоваться так называемыми инфинитивами цели (Infinitives of Purpose). За этими глаголами всегда следует инфинитив. Составьте и запишите свои предложения, используя слова в левой колонке.

Слово с переводом Пример
Agree (соглашаться) She agreed to accept the proposal.
Appear (оказываться) The client appears to be solvent.
Attempt (пытаться) Don't attempt to negotiate with him.
Be able (мочь, уметь) Is your trainer able to operate the computer?
Consent (соглашаться) He consented to lead the team.
Decide (решать) The manager will decide when to add staff.
Fail (не смочь) Sheila failed to pass the interview.
Forget (забыть) Please don't forget to schedule the appointment.
Норе (надеяться) We hope to sign that contract.
Knows (how) (знать, как) Your secretary knows how to fill out that form.
Understands (how) (понимать, как) George understands how to deal with them.
Allow (позволять) The agreement allows us to open a second office.
Convince (убеждать) Her proposal will convince the manager to increase our budget.
Encourage (побуждать) Good managers encourage staff to help each other.
Want (хотеть) Everyone wants my secretary to get organized.

Условные предложения

1. If I (was, were) your superior, I could give you credit.

2. I wish I (was, were) the project manager.

3. Marie (was, were) the office manager before the reorganization.

4. When Laura accepted the promotion, she (was, were) ready for a change.

5. If he (was, were) an accountant, he would help us with the report.

6. If she (was, were) the candidate, she could win the interview.

7. When I introduced my sister to my boss, she (was, were) only 19.

Exercises 5. Переведите следующие предложения из пассивного залога в активный:

1. Our recommendations were proposed last Tuesday.

2. The decision has not been made by the management yet.

3. Reports will be investigated promptly by the personnel manager.

4. A slight rise in temperature was recorded by the research team.

5. Their arrangements have been made for hundred people.

6. Sales were increased by 10 percent by our regional office.

Переходные слова

Переходные слова (Transition words) как бы соединяют между собой Ваши мысли и позволяют читателю легко переходить с одной темы на другую. Их можно использовать в пределах одного абзаца, либо они могут соединять абзацы и разделы в более длин­ных документах. В таблице приводятся наиболее распространенные переходные слова и раскрываются их функции.

Указание на Слова
Место: Near, nearby, here, where, wherever, next to, adjacent to
Время: Now, then, meanwhile, later, before, after, since
Последовательность: Next, first, second, last
Акцент: Indeed, in fact, certainly, clearly, of course, naturally
Смещение акцентов: Yet, however, but, although, nonetheless, on the contrary, in contrast, on the other hand, nevertheless
Сравнение: Similarly, just as, as though
Иллюстрация: For example, for instance, to illustrate
Показать причину и результат: Consequently, because, therefore, as a result, if/ then
Подвести к заключению: Therefore, in conclusion, in summary, finally, in other words
Добавить: Moreover, in addition, too, also, besides, additionally

? Рабочие ситуации

Составьте следующие типы деловых писем:

· Inquiry

· Offer

· Complaint letter

· Apology letter

· Order

· Memo




Business trips are just part of doing business. A company tries to choose only its best people to represent it. Trips can happen in or out of the country. And there are as many reasons to go on a business as there are places to go: to sign contracts, to discuss terms of delivery, payment or shipment, to have tests, to consult, to improve one’s professional skills, to provide support. Representatives of the companies involved usually make preliminary arrangements in order to meet. Whether a long-term or short-term trip, the itinerary must be carefully planned by the head of a department or another executive. After the trip, an employee is ordinarily expected to give a full financial accounting of the trip to his boss. Sightseeing, cultural events and just plain relaxing are a regular part of every business trip. And no businessman would dare forget to buy gifts for relatives, friends and colleagues while on a business trip to an interesting, new location. These trips are important because they contribute to the expansion of a company’s business relationships and help that company succeed in the competitive world market.

Business today is international in character, and business people often have to travel. On a business trip people might meet colleagues and business partners for the first time. Often, colleagues from different countries experience cultural difficulties, that is, they are surprised by strange, to them, social conventions in a new place. Different cultures do things differently! Management styles also differ from country to country. It’s often useful when doing business in a foreign land, to get some advice from a special agency which consults on questions of international business. These days business trips are very important because face to face meetings are more valuable to profitable business than any other type of strategy.

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