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Legal state and civil society
Legal state is the state, in which law dominates, citizens are under reliable legal defence in this state, there is mutual responsibility between the person and the state. This is the state of real human rights, it is an instrument of providing of such rights.
Attributes of legal state:
- domination of law in public and state life, supremacy of law;
- domination of folk sovereignty. People must be the source of state power. The state forms the system of bodies of state power through representative or direct democracy;
- fundamental human rights are fixed in the constitution and other legal documents. Law spreads not only on citizens but also on the state, all bodies of state power, public organizations and public officers;
- state power is divided into legislative, executive and judicial;
- the state provides rights and freedoms of the person;
- inviolability of rights, freedoms and interests, honour and dignity of the person, legal security of the person;
- mutual responsibility of the state and the person, equality all before the law;
- professionalism of the bodies of state power and public officers, which create legal norms (rules);
- independence of judicial power from other branches of power;
- control and supervision for implementation of the laws and mode of legality by all participants of public relations;
- high level of culture in society and legal consciousness of all legal subjects, presence of legal knowledge.
According to the Constitution of Ukraine Ukraine is legal state.
Civil society is society of citizens with the high level of economic, social, political, culture and moral properties. Сivil society forms legal relations with the state. Сivil society is society of equal people in their rights and freedoms. The state provides legal possibilities to be owners for them, to participate in political life.
Attributes of civil society:
- the main social values are people and their rights;
- priority of society above the state, which is the regulator of public relations and realizes the rights;
- providing of economic freedom of citizens and their associations;
- presence of pluralism (varieties) in all spheres of material and spiritual life;
- equality of rights and security of all forms of ownership first of all private;
- reliable system of social defence of the person;
- ideological, political individual freedom, presence of democratic institutes and methods, which provide possibility to influence on realization of state policy for everybody.
In Ukraine civil society is on the stage of forming.