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THE WORLD TOURIST ORGANIZATION




Tourism is global nowadays. Tourist boom started in the 1960s.

In 1963 the United Nations conference on international travel and tourism took place in Rome.

The General Assembly of the UN proclaimed 1967 as the Year of International Tourism.

In 1975 the United Nations established the World Tourist Organization (WTO). It emerged on the basis of the International Union of Official Tourist Organizations.

The WTO is the international intergovernmental organization. Actually, it is a worldwide group of government travel organizations. It deals with promoting tourism throughout the world. It assists countries in the development of national tourism.

The supreme body of the WTO is the General Assembly. It holds its sessions every two years. The General Assembly elects the General Secretary for the period of four years.

The World Tourist Organization cooperates with the United Nations and many government and non-government organizations.

THE OUTSET OF TOURISM IN RUSSIA

In the 18th century (1777) the first organized group of young men from noble families of Russia made the first trip abroad. They toured around Germany, Switzerland, Italy and France. The purpose of the tour was to get familiar with local universities and art galleries.

In the same 18th century the first guide books for leisure travellers on Moscow and St. Petersburg were published. Those manuals gave details of sights and art collections in the old and the new capital of Russia.

Thomas Cook Company was very well-known in Russia. But the country's first national travel agency emerged in St. Petersburg in 1885. It was founded by L. Lipson. The travel agency got the name of the "Enterprise for Public Travel to All Parts of the World".

In 1901 the Russian Tourist Society came into being. However, only well-off noble people were its members.

After the October Revolution tourism in Russia involved common people, too. In 1929 the Society of Proletarian Tourism was created.

As a matter of fact, our reputable the "Intourist" Joint-Stock Company, which used to deal with international tourism during the Soviet period, was organized as long ago as 1929, too.

  1. Задайте специальные вопросы:

1. Rich noble people were members of the Russian Tourist Society. (Who, What kind of...)

2. The Russian Tourist Society came into being in 1901. (What, When)

3. Thomas Cook Company was well-known in Russia inthe 19th century. (What, Where, When)

4. The first Russian guide books gave details of Moscow and St. Petersburg sights. (What, What kind of...)

5. Tourist boom started about 30 or 40 years ago. (What, When, How long ago)



6. Before 1855 Thomas Cook Company dealt with domestic tourism only. (When, What, What kind of...)

7. Steamships carried passengers on all oceans of the world. (What, Whom, What kind of...)

8. The WTO emerged in 1975. (What, When)

9. The UN conference on international travel and tourism took place in Rome in1963. (What, What kind of..., Where, When)

10. The first motor-cars appeared in the late 19th century. (What, When)

11. Thomas Cook set up the first travel agency in the middle of the 19th century. (Who, What, When)

12. Thomas Cook provided his tourists with meals and tickets for the races during the first group tour. (Who, Whom, What, When)

13. The rich went to German health resorts for treatment and recreation. (Who, Where, Why)

14. In the 19th century tourism was for the rich because they had enough money and spare time. (When, What, Why)

 

3.Переведите на английский язык:

1. Когда начался туристский бум? - Я думаю, он начался при­близительно 30-40 лет назад.

2. Вчера я прочитал статью о Всемирной туристской организации в журнале. - Когда эта организация возникла? - Если не ошибаюсь, это событие произошло в 1975 году.

3. Где проводили время обеспеченные туристы в прошлом веке? Они вообще ездили за рубеж? - Конечно, ездили. Они отправлялись в поездки во Францию, Германию, Швейцарию и Австрию. - Что они там делали? - Они проводили время на оздоровительных курортах и курортах на минеральных водах. Они
ездили туда на отдых и лечение.

4. Томас Кук стал известен в Англии в середине XIX века. – Чем он стал известен? Что он сделал? - Он организовал первую туристскую поездку по железной дороге. Он основал первое в мире турагентство.

5. В начале XIX века туристы пользовались водным и железно­дорожным транспортом. - А какими видами транспорта пользовались первые путешественники? - Это были простые лодки и паромы на воде и верблюды в пустыне.

6. Что явилось началом организованного международного туризма в России? - Это было во второй половине XVIII века, когда первая организованная группа молодых людей из титулованных семей совершила турне по Европе. - Что было целью их поездки? - Они познакомились с художественными галереями, музеями, выставками.

 

4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous.

1. I (to apply) for a visit visa and (to want) to make two journeys to your country while the visa (to be) valid. 2. They (to listen) to the news on theradio when the telephone (to ring), 3.I (to look) for a nice pair of gloves. 4. My train (to leave) in halfan hour. — OK, I (to drive) you to the station in my car. 5. I (to check) the battery? — Yes, please.

6. Nowadays cars (to get) more and more expensive

7. He (to get) a higher salary. 8. A father and his son (to travel) home in a car. It (to snow) and a strong wind (to blow). As they (to go) over a bridge they (to hear) a loud bang and the father (to loose) control of the car. They (to be) injured and their lives (to be) in great danger. A helicopter (to take) the father and the boy to hospital and they (to be) saved. Now, the happy father (to look) at his son and (to say) to him: "I never (to drive) my car when it (tosnow). I (to promise) you. It (to be) very dangerous to drive when it (to be) so slippery."





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