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Life cycle

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Levels of processing

Legibility of places

Least preferred co-worker (LPC)

Learning difficulties

Learned helplessness

Law of Effect

Lateral inhibition

Latency period

Language acquisition support system (LASS)

Lamarckism

the theory, propounded by the French naturalist, Jean Baptiste de Lamarck, that species can alter as a result of individuals gaining characters during their lifetime.

the conclusion of American psychologist Jerome Bruner that for a child to learn language normally it must have a support system of social interaction based on highly familiar play or care routines which support each next step of its language development.

a period in human sexual development prior to puberty during which the sexual urges are considered to be in abeyance.

 

lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) part of the visual pathway between the retina and the primary visual cortex.

the suppression of the response in one neurone by the responses of other neurones dealing with nearby regions of the stimulus. A property of almost all sensory systems, it serves to filter out uniform stimulation and emphasize spatial changes. See also delayed inhibition.

the theory, developed by American psychologist E. L. Thorndike, that behaviours that lead to 'good' outcomes are repeated whilst those that lead to 'bad' outcomes are not, and which can form the basis for an evolutionary account of how the organism learns to make appropriate responses in its environment.

one of the main theories developed to explain the experience of depressions, derived from experiments in which animals, subjected to inescapable aversive stimulation, became very passive in their responding.

the various ways in which children underachieve or perform badly at school, often caused by dyslexia o other difficulties in dealing with reading, writing or solving mathematical problems.

in Fiedler's Contingency Theory the identification of a fellow group-member on a scale indicating how far the leader can separate the personal characteristics of this person from the work characteristics.

in environmental cognition, the image people develop of places in a form which is easy to comprehend and to remember.

an alternative to the modal model in which the relation between perception and memory is emphasized.

the various stages of life and development that a person experiences from birth to death, which some psychologists are now emphasising in studies of the life-span development perspective in adults.





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