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Classification of consonants in the manner of articulation




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  5. ARTIC AND PHYSIOL CLASSIFICATION OF E VOWELS ACCORDING TO THE STABILITY OF ARTICULATION.
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  7. Articulatory classification of English consonants
  8. CLASSIFICATION OF CONSONANTS ON THE MANNER OF ARTICULATION
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  10. CLASSIFICATION OF E VOWELS ACCORDING TO THE POSITION OF THE LIPS AND TONGUE.
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Tails.

Билет

Classification of vowels according to the stability of articulation

Билет

1. Accents: Varieties of English.

Answer: Accents: Varieties of English. SEE!!!Eng Pr p8

Within Britain and the US there are also many regional accents and regional accents have distinctions in pronunciation.

See you tonight – the second vowel in `tonight` is pronounced /ai/ in BBC English but as /oi/ (as in boy) in a Burmingham accent

Are those your brother`s? - The vowel in `those` is pronounced /әu/ in BBC but more like /au/ (as in `now`/ in a Birmingham accent. The first vowel in `brother`s` is pronounced /^/ (as in but) in BBC English but /u/ (as in would) in a Birmingham accent.

She was smoking- The last sound –ing words is /η/ in BBC English, but /ηg/in a Birmingham accent, i.e the –g is pronounced.

 

2. Make the phonetic analysis of the following words:

Terrified [terifaid]8 lett, 3 syll, 4cons, 4 vowels, acc to degree of noise: voiceless:t,f, voiced:d, son:r, acc to manner : occlusive stop:t, d, constrictive fric:f, constrictive son:r

Frustrated [fr^streitid] 10 lett, 3 syll, 7 cons, 4 vowels, acc to degree of noise: voiced:d, voiceless: f,s, t, son:r, acc to manner of art: occlusive stops:t,d, constrictive fric:f, s, constrictive son:r

Impressive [impresiv] 10 lett, 3 syll, 3 vowels, 5 cons, acc to degree of noise: voiceless: p,s, voiced:v, son:r,m, acc to manner of art: occlusive stops:p, constrictive fric:f, v, s, constrictive son:r.

Stability of articulation.Vowels are grouped into 3 groups: Monophthongs, diphthongs, diphthongoids.

Monophthongs are vowels the articulation of which is almost unchanging: [i,e, ᵆ, a:, Ͻ, Ͻ:, u, ^, З:, Ә]

In the pronunciation of diphthongs the organs of speech glide from one vowel position to another within one syllable:[ ei, ai, Ͻi, au, зu, iә, έә, uә]

In the pronunciation of diphthongoidsthe articulation is slightly changing but the difference between the starting point and the end is not so distinct as it is in the case of diphthongs. [i:, u:]

Answer:in informal spoken English, tails are sometimes used at the end of a sentence to emphasise or make clearer what we have just said. We often use them when we give an evaluation of something:

It`s a really good PHOto , THAT (tail) one

She`s a JUDGE, my AUNT (tail)

Tails consist of a noun phrase. They usually have a rising tone because they are referring to or expanding on something that has been said before.

Some tails consist of this, that, these or those or a phrase beginning with one of these words. These tails usually emphasise what we are saying:



They`re all we`ve got LEFT, THOSE two.

They taste GREAT, these BIScuits.

Other tails make clear who or what we are referring to:

He`s good COOK, Nigel (Nigel is a good cook)

2. Make the phonetic analysis of the following words:

Cheerful, conscientious, stubborn

Cheerful- [`tʃiәfl]- 8 letters, 2 syllables, 2 vowel sounds, 2 short vowels, long vowel-no, 3 cons sounds, noise cons- voiced-no, 2 voiceless- f, tʃ, 1sonorants –l.

Conscientious- [,kϽnʃi`enʃәs] 13 letters, 3 syllables, 4 vowels, 4 short vowel sounds, 6 cons, noise cons: 4 voiceless-k, ʃ, ʃ, s, voiced-no, 2 sonorants- n,n.

Stubborn- [`st^bәn]- 8 letters, 6 sounds, 2 syllables, 2 vowels, 2 short vowel sounds, 4 cons. sounds, noise cons: 1voiced-b, 2 voiceless-s,t, 1 sonorants-n

Acc to the manner of articulation cons. May be of four groups:





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